在Ubuntu 10上使用D-Link DWA 130无线网卡

最早家中装修时没有考虑到每个房间都要布网线的问题,导致现在我的卧室里只能使用无线网卡上网。
这2天心血来潮把家里唯一的一台用作Desktop的台式机改装了Ubuntu 10.04,无线网卡的驱动就成了一个问题,下午google了半天终于搞定了!
使用ndiswrapper软件可以直接在Linux上利用Windows上的无线网卡驱动,我们可以从Ubuntu的官网上下载到该软件包;包括三个部分:

ndiswrapper-common-utils-ndisgtk

分别安装以上三个软件包后,主菜单System->Administration菜单中会出现Windows Wireless Drivers的选项:

Wireless-Network-Drivers-Windows

因为我们使用的DWA 130 USB无线网卡采用的是RTL8192U的芯片,所以我们还需要下载Windows版的RTL8192U驱动软件,注意目前ndiswrapper软件似乎默认只支持Windows XP版的驱动,如果你下载的是Windows 7/Vista版的驱动可能会无法正常工作。下载到的驱动一般是exe可执行文件的形式,我们就需要在Windows上执行该exe文件,尝试将驱动安装软件的目录解压出来:

$ pwd
/media/OUTDISK/driver/RTL8192U_WindowsDriver_5.1363.0305.2009.F1034.P1106_UI_1.01.0091/RTL8192U_Driver/WinXP2K

$ cat net8192u.inf
;; net8192u.inf
;;
;; Realtek RTL8192U Wireless 802.11n USB 2.0 Network Adapter
;;
;; Copyright (C) 2008 Realtek Semiconductor Corp.
;;
;; this release is primarily for WHQL test.
;;

[Version]
Signature       = "$Chicago$"
Compatible      = 1
Class           = Net
ClassGUID       = {4d36e972-e325-11ce-bfc1-08002be10318}
Provider        = %Realtek%
CatalogFile.NT  = net8192u.cat          ;; for WHQL certified
DriverVer = 03/05/2009,5.1363.0305.2009

[Manufacturer]
%Realtek% = Realtek,NTx86
%Corega% = Corega,NTx86
%Belkin% = Belkin,NTx86
%Sitecom% = Sitecom,NTx86
%EnGenius% = EnGenius,NTx86
%DLink% = DLink,NTx86
%Zinwell% = Zinwell,NTx86
%Amigo% = Amigo,NTx86

[ControlFlags]
;ExcludeFromSelect = USB\VID_0BDA&PID_8192&REV_0100
ExcludeFromSelect = *

;;****************************************************************************
;; IDs for X86
;;****************************************************************************
[Realtek.NTx86]
%RTL8192u.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_0BDA&PID_8192&REV_0100

[Corega.NTx86]
%CG-WLUSB300N.DeviceDesc% = Corega.ndi, USB\VID_07AA&PID_0043

[Belkin.NTx86]
%Belkin.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_050D&PID_805E

[Sitecom.NTx86]
%Sitecom.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_0DF6&PID_0031

[EnGenius.NTx86]
%EnGenius.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_1740&PID_9201

[DLink.NTx86]
%DLink.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_2001&PID_3301

[Zinwell.NTx86]
%Zinwell.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_5A57&PID_0290

[Amigo.NTx86]
%Amigo.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_0E0B&PID_9051

;;****************************************************************************
;; IDs for X64
;;****************************************************************************
[Realtek.NTamd64]
%RTL8192u.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_0BDA&PID_8192&REV_0100

[Corega.NTamd64]
%CG-WLUSB300N.DeviceDesc% = Corega.ndi, USB\VID_07AA&PID_0043

[Belkin.NTamd64]
%Belkin.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_050D&PID_805E

[Sitecom.NTamd64]
%Sitecom.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_0DF6&PID_0031

[EnGenius.NTamd64]
%EnGenius.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_1740&PID_9201

[DLink.NTamd64]
%DLink.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_2001&PID_3301

[Zinwell.NTamd64]
%Zinwell.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_5A57&PID_0290

[Amigo.NTamd64]
%Amigo.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_0E0B&PID_9051

;;****************************************************************************
;; IDs for 98SE/ME/2K/XP
;;****************************************************************************
[Realtek]
%RTL8192u.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_0BDA&PID_8192&REV_0100

[Corega]
%CG-WLUSB300N.DeviceDesc% = Corega.ndi, USB\VID_07AA&PID_0043

[Belkin]
%Belkin.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_050D&PID_805E

[Sitecom]
%Sitecom.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_0DF6&PID_0031

[EnGenius]
%EnGenius.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_1740&PID_9201

[DLink]
%DLink.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_2001&PID_3301

[Zinwell]
%Zinwell.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_5A57&PID_0290

[Amigo]
%Amigo.DeviceDesc% = RTL8192u.ndi, USB\VID_0E0B&PID_9051

;;****************************************************************************
;; Windows 98SE/ME
;;****************************************************************************
[RTL8192u.ndi]
DriverVer = 03/05/2009,5.1363.0305.2009
AddReg                  = RTL8192u.win.reg, RTL8192u.common.reg, RTLWLAN.reg, Realtek.reg
CopyFiles               = RTL8192u.CopyFiles98

[Corega.ndi]
DriverVer = 03/05/2009,5.1363.0305.2009
AddReg                  = RTL8192u.win.reg, RTL8192u.common.reg, RTLWLAN.reg, Corega.reg
CopyFiles               = RTL8192u.CopyFiles98

;;****************************************************************************
;; Windows 2000/XP
;;****************************************************************************
[RTL8192u.ndi.NT]
AddReg                  = RTL8192u.nt5.reg, RTL8192u.common.reg, RTLWLAN.reg, Realtek.reg
Characteristics = 0x84
BusType                 = 15
CopyFiles               = RTL8192u.CopyFiles

[Corega.ndi.NT]
AddReg                  = RTL8192u.nt5.reg, RTL8192u.common.reg, RTLWLAN.reg, Corega.reg
Characteristics = 0x84
BusType                 = 15
CopyFiles               = RTL8192u.CopyFiles

[RTL8192u.ndi.NT.Services]
AddService              = RTL8192u, 2, RTL8192u.nt5.Service, RTL8192u.nt5.EventLog

[Corega.ndi.NT.Services]
AddService              = RTL8192u, 2, RTL8192u.nt5.Service, RTL8192u.nt5.EventLog

;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------
;; RTL8192u Parameters
;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------
;;***************************************************************************
;; Windows 98SE/ME Parameters
;;***************************************************************************
[RTL8192u.win.reg]
HKR, Ndi, DeviceID, 0, USB\VID_0BDA&PID_8192&REV_0100

HKR,Ndi,CardType,,"PNP"

HKR, , DriverDesc, 0, "Realtek RTL8192u Wireless 802.11 USB 2.0 Network Adapter"
HKR, , DevLoader,,*ndis,*ntkern,*ndis
HKR, , DeviceVxDs,,RTL8192u.sys
HKR, , EnumPropPages, 0, netdi.dll, EnumPropPages

; NDIS Info
HKR,NDIS,MajorNdisVersion,1,03
HKR,NDIS,MinorNdisVersion,1,0a
HKR,NDIS,LogDriverName,,RTL8192u

; Interfaces
HKR,Ndi\Interfaces,DefLower,,"ethernet"
HKR,Ndi\Interfaces,LowerRange,,"ethernet"
HKR,Ndi\Interfaces,DefUpper,,"ndis3"
HKR,Ndi\Interfaces,UpperRange,,"ndis3"

;;****************************************************************************
;; Windows 2000/XP parameters
;;****************************************************************************
[RTL8192u.nt5.reg]
HKR, Ndi\Interfaces,    UpperRange, 0, "ndis5,mdcwifi,wifipro"
HKR, Ndi\Interfaces,    LowerRange, 0, "ethernet"
HKR, Ndi,               Service,    0, "RTL8192u"

[RTL8192u.nt5.Service]
DisplayName    = %RTL8192u.DeviceDesc.DispName%
ServiceType    = 1              ; %SERVICE_KERNEL_DRIVER%
StartType      = 3              ; %SERRVICE_DEMAND_START%
ErrorControl   = 1              ; %SERRVICE_ERROR_NORMAL%
ServiceBinary  = %12%\RTL8192u.sys
LoadOrderGroup = NDIS

[RTL8192u.nt5.EventLog]
AddReg = RTL8192u.nt5.AddEventLog.reg

[RTL8192u.nt5.AddEventLog.reg]
HKR, , EventMessageFile, 0x00020000, "%%SystemRoot%%\System32\netevent.dll"
HKR, , TypesSupported  , 0x00010001, 7

;*******************************************************************************
; RTL8192u common paramters
;*******************************************************************************
[RTL8192u.common.reg]
HKR,Ndi\params\LedCtrl,        ParamDesc,  0, %LED_CONTROL_STR%
HKR,Ndi\params\LedCtrl,        type,       0, "enum"
HKR,Ndi\params\LedCtrl,        default,    0, "1"
HKR,Ndi\params\LedCtrl\enum,   "0",        0, "Disable"
HKR,Ndi\params\LedCtrl\enum,   "1",        0, "Enable"
HKR,defaults,LedCtrl,0,"1"
HKR,,LedCtrl,0,"1"

HKR,Ndi\params\WiFi11bIbss,        ParamDesc,  0, %WIFI_IBSS_STR%
HKR,Ndi\params\WiFi11bIbss,        type,       0, "enum"
HKR,Ndi\params\WiFi11bIbss,        default,    0, "0"
HKR,Ndi\params\WiFi11bIbss\enum,   "0",        0, "Disable"
HKR,Ndi\params\WiFi11bIbss\enum,   "1",        0, "Enable"
HKR,defaults,WiFi11bIbss,0,"0"
HKR,,WiFi11bIbss,0,"0"

HKR,Ndi\params\CcxRm,        ParamDesc,  0, %CCX_RM_STR%
HKR,Ndi\params\CcxRm,        type,       0, "enum"
HKR,Ndi\params\CcxRm,        default,    0, "1"
HKR,Ndi\params\CcxRm\enum,   "0",        0, "Disable"
HKR,Ndi\params\CcxRm\enum,   "1",        0, "Enable"
HKR,defaults,CcxRm,0,"1"
HKR,,CcxRm,0,"1"

HKR,Ndi\params\CcxOffLineDurUpLimit,        ParamDesc,  0, %CCX_OFF_LINE_DUR_UP_LIMIT_STR%
HKR,Ndi\params\CcxOffLineDurUpLimit,        type,       0, "word"
HKR,Ndi\params\CcxOffLineDurUpLimit,        default,    0, "0"
HKR,Ndi\params\CcxOffLineDurUpLimit,        min,        0, "0"
HKR,Ndi\params\CcxOffLineDurUpLimit,        max,        0, "65535"
HKR,Ndi\params\CcxOffLineDurUpLimit,        step,       0, "1"
HKR,Ndi\params\CcxOffLineDurUpLimit,        base,       0, "10"
HKR,defaults,CcxOffLineDurUpLimit,0,"0"
HKR,,CcxOffLineDurUpLimit,0,"0"

;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------
;; Realtek WLAN NIC parameters
;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------
[RTLWLAN.reg]
HKR,Ndi\params\SSID,          ParamDesc,  0, %SSID_STR%
HKR,Ndi\params\SSID,          type,       0, "edit"
HKR,Ndi\params\SSID,          default,    0, "ANY"
HKR,Ndi\params\SSID,          LimitText,  0, "32"
HKR,defaults,SSID,0,"ANY"
HKR,,SSID,0,"ANY"

HKR,Ndi\params\NetworkType,        ParamDesc,  0, %NETWORK_TYPE_STR%
HKR,Ndi\params\NetworkType,        type,       0, "enum"
HKR,Ndi\params\NetworkType,        default,    0, "1"
HKR,Ndi\params\NetworkType\enum,   "0",        0, "Ad Hoc"
HKR,Ndi\params\NetworkType\enum,   "1",        0, "Infrastructure"
HKR,Ndi\params\NetworkType\enum,   "2",        0, "Auto select"
HKR,defaults,NetworkType,0,"1"
HKR,,NetworkType,0,"1"

HKR,NDI\params\PowerSaveMode,      ParamDesc,  0, %POWER_SAVE_STR%
HKR,NDI\params\PowerSaveMode,      type,       0, "enum"
HKR,Ndi\params\PowerSaveMode,      default,    0, "0"
HKR,NDI\params\PowerSaveMode\enum, "0",        0, "CAM"
HKR,NDI\params\PowerSaveMode\enum, "1",        0, "MAX_PSP"
HKR,NDI\params\PowerSaveMode\enum, "2",        0, "Fast_PSP"
HKR,defaults,PowerSaveMode,0,"0"
HKR,,PowerSaveMode,0,"0"

HKR,Ndi\params\StaUapsd,        ParamDesc,  0, %WMM_APSD%
HKR,Ndi\params\StaUapsd,        type,       0, "enum"
HKR,Ndi\params\StaUapsd,        default,    0, "0"
HKR,Ndi\params\StaUapsd\enum,   "0",        0, "No AC (Disable)"
HKR,Ndi\params\StaUapsd\enum,   "15",       0, "ALL AC"
HKR,defaults,StaUapsd,0,"0"
HKR,,StaUapsd,0,"0"

HKR,Ndi\params\PSPXlinkMode,        ParamDesc,  0, %PSP_XLINK_STR%
HKR,Ndi\params\PSPXlinkMode,        type,       0, "enum"
HKR,Ndi\params\PSPXlinkMode,        default,    0, "0"
HKR,Ndi\params\PSPXlinkMode\enum,   "0",        0, "Disable"
HKR,Ndi\params\PSPXlinkMode\enum,   "1",        0, "Enable"
HKR,defaults,PSPXlinkMode,0,"0"
HKR,,PSPXlinkMode,0,"0"

HKR,,HalfNMode,0,"1"

HKR,,DefaultKeyID,,"0"
HKR,,DefaultKey0,,""
HKR,,DefaultKey1,,""
HKR,,DefaultKey2,,""
HKR,,DefaultKey3,,""

[Realtek.reg]
HKR,Ndi\params\Channel,       ParamDesc,  0, %CHANNEL_STR%
HKR,Ndi\params\Channel,       type,       0, "int"
HKR,Ndi\params\Channel,       default,    0, "1"
HKR,Ndi\params\Channel,       Min,        0, "1"
HKR,Ndi\params\Channel,       Max,        0, "14"
HKR,Ndi\params\Channel,       Step,       0, "1"
HKR,Ndi\params\Channel,       Base,       0, "10"
HKR,defaults,Channel,0,"1"
HKR,,Channel,0,"1"

[Corega.reg]
HKR,Ndi\params\Channel,       ParamDesc,  0, %CHANNEL_STR%
HKR,Ndi\params\Channel,       type,       0, "int"
HKR,Ndi\params\Channel,       default,    0, "1"
HKR,Ndi\params\Channel,       Min,        0, "1"
HKR,Ndi\params\Channel,       Max,        0, "13"
HKR,Ndi\params\Channel,       Step,       0, "1"
HKR,Ndi\params\Channel,       Base,       0, "10"
HKR,defaults,Channel,0,"1"
HKR,,Channel,0,"1"

;*******************************************************************************
; Destination Directory
;*******************************************************************************
[RTL8192u.CopyFiles]
RTL8192u.sys,,,2

[RTL8192u.CopyFiles98]
RTL8192u.sys,,,2

[DestinationDirs]
RTL8192u.CopyFiles98    = 11
RTL8192u.CopyFiles      = 12

;;****************************************************************************
;; Source Files
;;****************************************************************************
[SourceDisksFiles]
RTL8192u.sys = 1

[SourceDisksNames]
1=%DISKNAME%,,,

;*******************************************************************************
; Strings
;*******************************************************************************
[Strings]
Realtek                                 = "Realtek Semiconductor Corp."
ProvideCorega                           = "corega K.K."
SSID_STR                                = "SSID"
CHANNEL_STR                             = "Channel"
NETWORK_TYPE_STR                        = "Network Type"
LED_CONTROL_STR                         = "LED Control"
POWER_SAVE_STR                          = "Power Save Mode"
WIFI_IBSS_STR                           = "IBSS Default 11b Mode"
RATE_ADAPTIVE_STR                       = "Rate Adaptive"
QOS_STR                                 = "QoS"
WMM_APSD                                = "WMM APSD"
CCX_RM_STR                              = "CCX Radio Measurement"
CCX_OFF_LINE_DUR_UP_LIMIT_STR           = "CCX Max Off-Line Measurement (0: unlimited)"
FORCE_PRIORITY_STR                      = "Forced Priority"
HW_PARA_STR                             = "Init from HwParaFile"
THREE_WIRE_MODE_STR                     = "Three Wire Programming Mode"
BOARD_TYPE_STR                          = "Board Type"
PROTECTION_MODE_STR                     = "Protection Mode"
TPC_STR                                 = "Transmit Power Control"
TPC_POLARITY_STR                        = "TPC Polarity Select"
HIGH_POWER_STR                          = "High Power Mechanism"
INIT_GAIN_STR                           = "Initial Gain State"
CW_MAX_MIN_STR                          = "Contention Window"
PSP_XLINK_STR                           = "PSP XLink Mode"
Corega                                  = "corega K.K."
Belkin                                  = "Belkin Corporation"
Sitecom                                 = "Sitecom"
EnGenius                                = "EnGenius Technologies"
DLink                                   = "D-Link Corporation"
Zinwell                                 = "Zinwell Corporation"
Amigo                                   = "Amigo Technology Inc."

;; Source disk name
DISKNAME                                = "Realtek RTL8192U Wireless LAN 802.11n USB 2.0 Network Adapter Driver Disk"
RTL8192u.DeviceDesc                     = "Realtek RTL8192U Wireless LAN 802.11n USB 2.0 Network Adapter"
RTL8192u.DeviceDesc.DispName            = "Realtek RTL8192U Wireless LAN 802.11n USB 2.0 Network Adapter"
CG-WLUSB300N.DeviceDesc                 = "CG-WLUSB300N"
CG-WLUSB300N.DeviceDesc.DispName        = "CG-WLUSB300N"
Belkin.DeviceDesc                       = "Belkin F5D8053 N Wireless USB Adapter"
Belkin.DeviceDesc.DispName              = "Belkin F5D8053 N Wireless USB Adapter"
Sitecom.DeviceDesc                      = "Wireless Network 300N USB dongle WL-314"
Sitecom.DeviceDesc.DispName             = "Wireless Network 300N USB dongle WL-314"
EnGenius.DeviceDesc                     = "EnGenius 802.11n Wireless USB Adapter"
EnGenius.DeviceDesc.DispName            = "EnGenius 802.11n Wireless USB Adapter"
DLink.DeviceDesc                        = "D-Link DWA-130 Wireless N USB Adapter(rev.C)"
DLink.DeviceDesc.DispName               = "D-Link DWA-130 Wireless N USB Adapter(rev.C)"
Zinwell.DeviceDesc                      = "802.11b/g/n USB Wireless LAN Card"
Zinwell.DeviceDesc.DispName             = "802.11b/g/n USB Wireless LAN Card"
Amigo.DeviceDesc                        = "802.11n wireless USB card"
Amigo.DeviceDesc.DispName               = "802.11n wireless USB card"
$

之后需要完成对驱动信息文件*.ini的配置:

gksu /usr/sbin/ndisgtk
点击Install New Driver出现选择以上ini信息文件的对话框:
Install New Wireless Driver

全部完成后,一般Ubuntu就能正确识别该无线网卡设备了,如仍无法识别可以尝试拔插或重启再试;点击Configure Network进一步配置无线连接后,就可以看到环境周围了可用无线连接了:

Wireless Networks

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