海量数据插入性能测试

11.2.0.2的RAC系统中原本有一张大的分区表,之前为了测试exchange分区的性能需要将这张分区表上的部分分区数据复制到测试用表上,因为数据量比较大所以记以录之:

磁盘不太给力 

hdparm -tT /dev/sdd

/dev/sdd:
 Timing cached reads:   13672 MB in  2.00 seconds = 6840.55 MB/sec
 Timing buffered disk reads:  605 MB in  3.02 seconds = 200.33 MB/sec

cat /proc/cpuinfo |grep processor|wc -l
8

直接将源分区插入到目标分区表中

SQL> select count(*) from sales_history partition (SALES_1996) ;

  COUNT(*)
----------
2568089600

SQL> select (bytes) / 1024 / 1024, segment_name, partition_name
  2    from dba_segments
  3   where segment_name = 'SALES_HISTORY'
  4   order by bytes desc
  5  /

(BYTES)/1024/1024 SEGMENT_NAME         PARTITION_NAME
----------------- -------------------- ------------------------------
           288710 SALES_HISTORY        SALES_1996
              232 SALES_HISTORY        SALES_H2_1997
              232 SALES_HISTORY        SALES_H1_1997

SQL> set timing on;

SQL> alter session enable parallel dml;

Session altered.

SQL> insert /*+ append parallel(ss,4) */
  2  into sales ss
  3    select /*+ parallel(sh,4) */ * from sales_history  partition(SALES_1996) sh ;

Elapsed: 01:01:08.03                             -- 耗时61分钟

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

Elapsed: 00:00:00.19

Workarea Size

SQL> SELECT
  2         sql_id,
  3         operation_type,
  4         policy,
  5         active_time,
  6         work_area_size,
  7         expected_size,
  8         actual_mem_used,
  9         max_mem_used,
 10         number_passes,
 11         tempseg_size
 12    FROM (SELECT swa.workarea_address,
 13                 swa.sql_id,
 14                 sa.sql_text,
 15                 swa.operation_type,
 16                 swa.policy,
 17                 swa.sid,
 18                 swa.active_time / 1000 active_time,
 19                 swa.work_area_size,
 20                 swa.expected_size,
               swa.actual_mem_used,
               swa.max_mem_used,
               swa.number_passes,
               swa.tempseg_size,
               swa.tablespace,
               (CASE
                 WHEN sl.totalwork <> 0 THEN
                  sl.sofar / sl.totalwork
 21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29                   ELSE
 30                    NULL
 31                 END) complete_ratio,
 32                 sl.elapsed_seconds * 1000 elapsed,
 33                 sl.time_remaining * 1000 time_remaining,
 34                 sl.opname,
 35                 s.machine,
               s.program,
 36   37                 s.module,
 38                 s.osuser,
 39                 NVL(DECODE(TYPE,
 40                            'BACKGROUND',
 41                            'SYS (' || b.ksbdpnam || ')',
 42                            s.username),
 43                     SUBSTR(p.program, INSTR(p.program, '('))) username,
 44                 ROW_NUMBER() OVER(PARTITION BY swa.sql_id ORDER BY sl.last_update_time DESC) rnum
 45            FROM v$sql_workarea_active swa,
 46                 v$sqlarea sa,
 47                 (SELECT * FROM v$session_longops WHERE sofar <> totalwork) sl,
 48                 v$session s,
 49                 v$process p,
 50                 x$ksbdp b
 51           WHERE sl.sid(+) = swa.sid
 52             AND sl.sql_id(+) = swa.sql_id
 53             AND swa.sid <> USERENV('sid')
 54             AND sa.sql_id = swa.sql_id
 55             AND s.sid = swa.sid
 56             AND s.paddr = p.addr
 57             AND b.inst_id(+) = USERENV('INSTANCE')
 58             AND p.addr = b.ksbdppro(+)
 59           ORDER BY swa.number_passes DESC, swa.work_area_size DESC)
 60   WHERE rnum = 1
 61  /

SQL_ID        OPERATION_TYPE                 POLICY ACTIVE_TIME WORK_AREA_SIZE EXPECTED_SIZE ACTUAL_MEM_USED MAX_MEM_USED NUMBER_PASSES TEMPSEG_SIZE
------------- ------------------------------ ------ ----------- -------------- ------------- --------------- ------------ ------------- ------------
ak9ht406k4zn4 LOAD WRITE BUFFERS             AUTO    889394.542         541696       1048576          541696       541696             0

SQL> alter session set workarea_size_policy=MANUAL;

Session altered.

Elapsed: 00:00:00.04
SQL> alter session set sort_area_size=314572800;

Session altered.

Elapsed: 00:00:00.00
SQL> alter session set sort_area_size=314572800;

Session altered.

创建索引
create index ind_sales on sales(prod_id,cust_id,time_id,channel_id)  nologging parallel 8
/

Index created.

Elapsed: 01:04:12.68

SQL>@sort_activity

SQL_ID        OPERATION_TYPE                 POLICY ACTIVE_TIME/1000 WORK_AREA_SIZE EXPECTED_SIZE ACTUAL_MEM_USED MAX_MEM_USED NUMBER_PASSES TEMPSEG_SIZE_IN_GB
------------- ------------------------------ ------ ---------------- -------------- ------------- --------------- ------------ ------------- ------------------
490ntjgc2dass SORT (v2)                      MANUAL       1275.18291              0                     287324160    310392832             1         6.94238281

SQL> set linesize 200 pagesize 1400
SQL> col opname for a20
SQL> select opname,totalwork,units,elapsed_seconds,sql_plan_options from v$session_longops  where opname='Sort Output';

OPNAME                TOTALWORK UNITS                            ELAPSED_SECONDS SQL_PLAN_OPTIONS
-------------------- ---------- -------------------------------- --------------- ------------------------------
Sort Output             1528129 Blocks                                      1809 CREATE INDEX
Sort Output             1529098 Blocks                                      1701 CREATE INDEX

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