ddl操作是否会产生undo?

ddl是否会产生undo?
这可能是每一个初学Oracle的人都会有的疑问;ddl操作又不能rollback回滚,要什么undo数据呢?
事实是几乎每个ddl操作都会产生undo,我们来探究一下:

SQL> select vs.name, ms.value
  2    from v$mystat ms, v$sysstat vs
  3   where ms.statistic# = vs.statistic#
  4     and name = 'undo change vector size';
NAME                                                                  VALUE
---------------------------------------------------------------- ----------
undo change vector size                                                   0

SQL> create table YOUYUS (t1 int);
Table created.

SQL>   select vs.name, ms.value
  2      from v$mystat ms, v$sysstat vs
  3     where ms.statistic# = vs.statistic#
  4       and name = 'undo change vector size';
NAME                                                                  VALUE
---------------------------------------------------------------- ----------
undo change vector size                                                1992

/*create table的ddl语句产生了大约1992 bytes的撤销变化向量*/

SQL> drop table YOUYUS;
Table dropped.

SQL>   select vs.name, ms.value
  2      from v$mystat ms, v$sysstat vs
  3     where ms.statistic# = vs.statistic#
  4       and name = 'undo change vector size';
NAME                                                                  VALUE
---------------------------------------------------------------- ----------
undo change vector size                                                4528

/* drop table语句产生2563 bytes的undo数据,多于create table;我们可以猜测create table时Oracle需要向基表中insert数据,而drop table时则需要delete/update数据,显然后者产生更多的undo*/

/*我们尝试创建一个由254个列组成的表*/

SQL>     select vs.name, ms.value
  2        from v$mystat ms, v$sysstat vs
  3       where ms.statistic# = vs.statistic#
  4         and name = 'undo change vector size';
NAME                                                                  VALUE
---------------------------------------------------------------- ----------
undo change vector size                                                   0

create table YOUYUS (
t1 int,
t2 char(4) default 'oooo',
t3 char(4) default 'oooo',
t4 char(4) default 'oooo',
t5 char(4) default 'oooo',
t6 char(4) default 'oooo',
t7 char(4) default 'oooo',
t8 char(4) default 'oooo',
t9 char(4) default 'oooo',
............................
t248 char(4) default 'oooo',
t249 char(4) default 'oooo',
t250 char(4) default 'oooo',
t251 char(4) default 'oooo',
t252 char(4) default 'oooo',
t253 char(4) default 'oooo',
t254 char(4) default 'oooo'
);

SQL>     select vs.name, ms.value
  2        from v$mystat ms, v$sysstat vs
  3       where ms.statistic# = vs.statistic#
  4         and name = 'undo change vector size';
NAME                                                                  VALUE
---------------------------------------------------------------- ----------
undo change vector size                                               85832

/*产生了83k的undo,ddl所产生的undo量视乎其所要维护数据字典的操作类型和操作量*/

SQL> oradebug setmypid;
Statement processed.

SQL> oradebug event 10046 trace name context forever,level 1;
Statement processed.

SQL> drop table YOUYUS;
Table dropped.

SQL>     select vs.name, ms.value
  2        from v$mystat ms, v$sysstat vs
  3       where ms.statistic# = vs.statistic#
  4         and name = 'undo change vector size';
NAME                                                                  VALUE
---------------------------------------------------------------- ----------
undo change vector size                                              214020

/*drop 产生了125k的undo*/

SQL> oradebug tracefile_name;
/home/maclean/app/maclean/diag/rdbms/prod/PROD/trace/PROD_ora_5433.trc

/* 我们来看看drop table 到底做了哪些递归操作? */

[maclean@rh2 ~]$ cat PROD_ora_5433.trc|egrep "delete|update"
         'Need use delete_topo_geometry_layer() to deregister table '
select decode(u.type#, 2, u.ext_username, u.name), o.name,        t.update$, t.insert$, t.delete$, t.enabled,        decode(bitand(t.property, 8192),8192, 1, 0),        decode(bitand(t.property, 65536), 65536, 1, 0),       decode(bitand(t.property, 131072), 131072, 1, 0),       (select o.name from obj$ o          where o.obj# = u.spare2 and o.type# =57)  from sys.obj$ o, sys.user$ u, sys.trigger$ t, sys.obj$ bo where t.baseobject=bo.obj# and bo.name = :1 and bo.spare3 = :2  and bo.namespace = 1  and t.obj#=o.obj# and o.owner#=u.user#  and o.type# = 12 and bitand(property,16)=0 and bitand(property,8)=0  order by o.obj#
delete from object_usage where obj# in  (select a.obj# from object_usage a, ind$ b where  a.obj# = b.obj# and b.bo# = :1)
delete from sys.cache_stats_1$ where dataobj# = :1
delete com$ where obj#=:1
delete from hist_head$ where obj# = :1
delete from dependency$ where d_obj#=:1
delete from source$ where obj#=:1
delete from compression$ where obj#=:1
   m_stmt:='delete from sdo_geor_ddl__table$$ where id=2';
   m_stmt:='delete from sdo_geor_ddl__table$$';
delete from sdo_geor_ddl__table$$ where id=2
delete from col$ where obj#=:1
delete from icol$ where bo#=:1
delete from icoldep$ where obj# in (select obj# from ind$ where bo#=:1)
delete from jijoin$ where obj# in ( select obj# from jijoin$ where tab1obj# = :1 or tab2obj# = :1)
delete from jirefreshsql$ where iobj# in ( select iobj# from jirefreshsql$ where tobj# = :1)
delete from ccol$ where obj#=:1
delete from ind$ where bo#=:1
delete from cdef$ where obj#=:1
delete ecol$ where tabobj# = :1
delete from tab$ where obj#=:1
delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from ncomp_dll$ where obj#=:1 returning dllname into :2
delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from ncomp_dll$ where obj#=:1 returning dllname into :2
delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2
delete from ncomp_dll$ where obj#=:1 returning dllname into :2
delete from col$ where obj#=:1
delete coltype$ where obj#=:1
delete from subcoltype$ where obj#=:1
delete ntab$ where obj#=:1
delete lob$ where obj#=:1
delete refcon$ where obj#=:1
delete from opqtype$ where obj#=:1
delete from cdef$ where obj#=:1
delete from objauth$ where obj#=:1
delete from obj$ where obj# = :1
update seg$ set type#=:4,blocks=:5,extents=:6,minexts=:7,maxexts=:8,extsize=:9,extpct=:10,user#=:11,iniexts=:12,lists=decode(:13, 65535, NULL, :13),groups=decode(:14, 65535, NULL, :14), cachehint=:15, hwmincr=:16, spare1=DECODE(:17,0,NULL,:17),scanhint=:18, bitmapranges=:19 where ts#=:1 and file#=:2 and block#=:3
update seg$ set type#=:4,blocks=:5,extents=:6,minexts=:7,maxexts=:8,extsize=:9,extpct=:10,user#=:11,iniexts=:12,lists=decode(:13, 65535, NULL, :13),groups=decode(:14, 65535, NULL, :14), cachehint=:15, hwmincr=:16, spare1=DECODE(:17,0,NULL,:17),scanhint=:18, bitmapranges=:19 where ts#=:1 and file#=:2 and block#=:3
delete from seg$ where ts#=:1 and file#=:2 and block#=:3

/*如果ddl操作执行失败又会如何呢?*/

SQL> oradebug setmypid;
Statement processed.
SQL> oradebug event 10046 trace name context forever,level 1;
Statement processed.

SQL>     select vs.name, ms.value
  2        from v$mystat ms, v$sysstat vs
  3       where ms.statistic# = vs.statistic#
  4         and name = 'undo change vector size';
NAME                                                                  VALUE
---------------------------------------------------------------- ----------
undo change vector size                                                   0

SQL> drop table YOUYUS;
drop table YOUYUS
           *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00942: table or view does not exist

SQL>     select vs.name, ms.value
  2        from v$mystat ms, v$sysstat vs
  3       where ms.statistic# = vs.statistic#
  4         and name = 'undo change vector size';
NAME                                                                  VALUE
---------------------------------------------------------------- ----------
undo change vector size                                                 264
/*同样产生了undo,量较少*/


SQL> oradebug tracefile_name;
/home/maclean/app/maclean/diag/rdbms/prod/PROD/trace/PROD_ora_5494.trc
[maclean@rh2 trace]$ cat PROD_ora_5494.trc|egrep "update|insert|delete"
         'Need use delete_topo_geometry_layer() to deregister table '
   m_stmt:='insert into sdo_geor_ddl__table$$ values (1)';
   m_stmt:='insert into sdo_geor_ddl__table$$ values (2)';
insert into sdo_geor_ddl__table$$ values (2)
   m_stmt:='delete from sdo_geor_ddl__table$$';
delete from sdo_geor_ddl__table$$

/*执行少量递归操作后,Oracle发现所要drop的对象并不存在,将会rollback之前的"部分"递归dml操作*/

其实我们可以把ddl操作分解为以下步骤:

begin
commit;
--编译ddl
begin
--实现ddl,包括一系列递归的数据字典维护操作及其他操作
commit;
exception
when others then
rollback;
end;
end;

ddl操作无需也不允许手动commit或rollback参与,但这并不代表ddl操作不产生undo。

关注dbDao.com的新浪微博

扫码关注dbDao.com 微信公众号:

Comments

  1. Lunar says:

    说白了就是ddl会产生数据字典的变化和更新,二者是要redo和undo的

Trackbacks

  1. […] commit; exception when others than rollback; end; end;   详细请阅读:《ddl操作是否会产生undo?》   5、SELECT与REDO和UNDO […]

Speak Your Mind

TEL/電話+86 13764045638
Email service@parnassusdata.com
QQ 47079569