Script:列出数据库中子表上没有对应索引的外键

该脚本用于列出在子表上没有对应索引的外键,没有索引可能引发额外的表锁:

"You should almost always index foreign keys. 
The only exception is when the matching unique or primary key is never updated or deleted."

When a foreign key is unindexed, DML on the parent primary key results in a share row exclusive table lock 
(or share-subexclusive table lock, SSX) on the child table, preventing DML from other transactions 
against the child table. If the DML affects several rows in the parent table, the lock on the child table 
is obtained and released immediately for each row in turn. Despite the speed of the lock-release process, 
this can cause significant amounts of contention on the child table during periods of 
heavy update/delete activity on the parent table.

When a foreign key is indexed, DML on the parent primary key results in a row share table lock 
(or subshare table lock, SS) on the child table. This type of lock prevents other transactions 
from issuing whole table locks on the child table, but does not block DML on either the parent or 
the child table. Only the rows relating to the parent primary key are locked in the child table.

Script:

REM  List foreign keys with no matching index on child table - causes locks

set linesize 150;

col owner for a20;
col COLUMN_NAME for a20;

SELECT c.owner,
         c.constraint_name,
         c.table_name,
         cc.column_name,
         c.status
    FROM dba_constraints c, dba_cons_columns cc
   WHERE c.constraint_type = 'R'
         AND c.owner NOT IN
                ('SYS',
                 'SYSTEM',
                 'SYSMAN',
                 'EXFSYS',
                 'WMSYS',
                 'OLAPSYS',
                 'OUTLN',
                 'DBSNMP',
                 'ORDSYS',
                 'ORDPLUGINS',
                 'MDSYS',
                 'CTXSYS',
                 'AURORA$ORB$UNAUTHENTICATED',
                 'XDB',
                 'FLOWS_030000',
                 'FLOWS_FILES')
         AND c.owner = cc.owner
         AND c.constraint_name = cc.constraint_name
         AND NOT EXISTS
                    (SELECT 'x'
                       FROM dba_ind_columns ic
                      WHERE     cc.owner = ic.table_owner
                            AND cc.table_name = ic.table_name
                            AND cc.column_name = ic.column_name
                            AND cc.position = ic.column_position
                            AND NOT EXISTS
                                       (SELECT owner, index_name
                                          FROM dba_indexes i
                                         WHERE     i.table_owner = c.owner
                                               AND i.index_Name = ic.index_name
                                               AND i.owner = ic.index_owner
                                               AND (i.status = 'UNUSABLE'
                                                    OR i.partitioned = 'YES'
                                                       AND EXISTS
                                                              (SELECT 'x'
                                                                 FROM dba_ind_partitions ip
                                                                WHERE status =
                                                                         'UNUSABLE'
                                                                      AND ip.
                                                                           index_owner =
                                                                             i.
                                                                              owner
                                                                      AND ip.
                                                                           index_Name =
                                                                             i.
                                                                              index_name
                                                               UNION ALL
                                                               SELECT 'x'
                                                                 FROM dba_ind_subpartitions isp
                                                                WHERE status =
                                                                         'UNUSABLE'
                                                                      AND isp.
                                                                           index_owner =
                                                                             i.
                                                                              owner
                                                                      AND isp.
                                                                           index_Name =
                                                                             i.
                                                                              index_name))))
ORDER BY 1, 2
/

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