Oracle RAC Brain Split Resolution

大约是一周前,一位资深的Oracle工程师向我和客户介绍RAC中脑裂的处理过程,据他介绍脑裂发生时通过各节点对voting disk(投票磁盘)的抢夺,那些争抢到(n/2+1)数量voting disk的节点就可以survive(幸存)下来,而没有争抢到voting disk的节点则被evicted踢出节点。

不得不说以上这番观点,来得太过随意了,一位从Oracle 6就开始从事维护工作的老工程师也会犯这样的概念性错误,只能说Oracle技术的更新过于日新月异了。

在理解脑裂(Brain Split)处理过程前,有必要介绍一下Oracle RAC Css(Cluster Synchronization Services)的工作框架:

Oracle RAC CSS提供2种后台服务包括群组管理(Group Managment简称GM)和节点监控(Node Monitor简称NM),其中GM管理组(group)和锁(lock)服务。在集群中任意时刻总有一个节点会充当GM主控节点(master node)。集群中的其他节点串行地将GM请求发送到主控节点(master node),而master node将集群成员变更信息广播给集群中的其他节点。组成员关系(group membership)在每次发生集群重置(cluster reconfiguration)时发生同步。每一个节点独立地诠释集群成员变化信息。

而节点监控NM服务则负责通过skgxn(skgxn-libskgxn.a,提供节点监控的库)与其他厂商的集群软件保持节点信息的一致性。此外NM还提供对我们熟知的网络心跳(Network heartbeat)和磁盘心跳(Disk heartbeat)的维护以保证节点始终存活着。当集群成员没有正常Network heartbeat或Disk heartbeat时NM负责将成员踢出集群,被踢出集群的节点将发生节点重启(reboot)。

NM服务通过OCR中的记录(OCR中记录了Interconnect的信息)来了解其所需要监听和交互的端点,将心跳信息通过网络发送到其他集群成员。同时它也监控来自所有其他集群成员的网络心跳Network heartbeat,每一秒钟都会发生这样的网络心跳,若某个节点的网络心跳在misscount(by the way:10.2.0.1中Linux上默认misscount为60s,其他平台为30s,若使用了第三方vendor clusterware则为600s,但10.2.0.1中未引入disktimeout;10.2.0.4以后misscount为60s,disktimeout为200s;11.2以后misscount为30s:CRS-4678: Successful get misscount 30 for Cluster Synchronization Services,CRS-4678: Successful get disktimeout 200 for Cluster Synchronization Services)指定的秒数中都没有被收到的话,该节点被认为已经”死亡”了。NM还负责当其他节点加入或离开集群时初始化集群的重置(Initiates cluster reconfiguration)。

在解决脑裂的场景中,NM还会监控voting disk以了解其他的竞争子集群(subclusters)。关于子集群我们有必要介绍一下,试想我们的环境中存在大量的节点,以Oracle官方构建过的128个节点的环境为我们的想象空间,当网络故障发生时存在多种的可能性,一种可能性是全局的网络失败,即128个节点中每个节点都不能互相发生网络心跳,此时会产生多达128个的信息”孤岛”子集群。另一种可能性是局部的网络失败,128个节点中被分成多个部分,每个部分中包含多于一个的节点,这些部分就可以被称作子集群(subclusters)。当出现网络故障时子集群内部的多个节点仍能互相通信传输投票信息(vote mesg),但子集群或者孤岛节点之间已经无法通过常规的Interconnect网络交流了,这个时候NM Reconfiguration就需要用到voting disk投票磁盘。

因为NM要使用voting disk来解决因为网络故障造成的通信障碍,所以需要保证voting disk在任意时刻都可以被正常访问。在正常状态下,每个节点都会进行磁盘心跳活动,具体来说就是会到投票磁盘的某个块上写入disk心跳信息,这种活动每一秒钟都会发生,同时CSS还会每秒读取一种称作”kill block”的”赐死块”,当”kill block”的内容表示本节点被驱逐出集群时,CSS会主动重启节点。

为了保证以上的磁盘心跳和读取”kill block”的活动始终正常运作CSS要求保证至少(N/2+1)个投票磁盘要被节点正常访问,这样就保证了每2个节点间总是至少有一个投票磁盘是它们都可以正常访问的,在正常情况下(注意是风平浪静的正常情况)只要节点所能访问的在线voting disk多于无法访问的voting disk,该节点都能幸福地活下去,当无法访问的voting disk多于正常的voting disk时,Cluster Communication Service进程将失败并引起节点重启。所以有一种说法认为voting disk只要有2个足以保证冗余度就可以了,没有必要有3个或以上voting disk,这种说法是错误的。Oracle推荐集群中至少要有3个voting disks。

补充1:

Question:
有同学问那么voting disk  必须是奇数个呢?

Answer:
实际上我们仅仅是推荐使用奇数个vote disk ,而非必须是奇数个。10gR2中vote disk的数目上限是32个。

Question
我们可以使用2或4个vote disk吗?

Answer:
可以的。 但是2、4这样的数目在“至少(N/2+1)个投票磁盘要被节点正常访问”这一disk heartbeat的硬性算法下是不利的:
当我们使用2个vote disk 时,不能发生任意个vote disk的心跳失败
当我们使用3个vote disk 时,不能发生大于1个的vote disk心跳失败
当我们使用4个vote disk 时,不能发生大于1个的vote disk心跳失败 ,这和3个时的容错率是一样,但是因为我们有更多的vote disk,这会导致管理成本和引入的风险增长
当我们使用5个vote disk 时,不能发生大于2个的vote disk心跳失败
当我们使用6个vote disk 时,仍然不能发生大于2个的vote disk心跳失败, 同样的因为比5时多出一个 ,也会引入不合理的管理成本和风险

补充2:
Question:
若节点间的网络心跳正常,且节点所能正常心跳的vote disk 大于 不能正常访问的 ,如3个votedisk 时 恰巧有1个vote disk 的disk heartbeat 超时,此时Brain split 会发生吗?

Answer:
这种情况即不会触发Brain Split,也不会引发节点驱逐协议(eviction protocol)。 当单个或小于(N/2+1)个的voting disk心跳失败(disk heartbeat failure)时,这种心跳失败可能是由于短期内节点访问voting disk发生I/O error错误而引起的,此时css会立刻将这些失败的voting disk标记为OFFLINE。虽然有一定数量的voting disk OFFLINE了,但是我们仍有至少(N/2+1)个投票磁盘可用,这保证了eviction protocol不会被调用,所以没有节点会被reboot重启。紧接着node monitor模块的Disk ping Monitor Thread(DPMT-clssnmDiskPMT)会重复尝试访问这些失败的OFFLINE voting disk,若这些投票磁盘变得再次可I/O访问且经过验证其上的数据也没有讹误,那么css会再次将此voting disk标记为ONLINE;但是如果在45s( 这里的45s是基于misscount和 内部算法获得的) 内仍不能正常访问相关的voting disk,那么DMPT将在cssd.log中生成警告信息,如:

 

CSSD]2011-11-11 20:11:20.668 >
WARNING: clssnmDiskPMT: long disk latency >(45940 ms) to voting disk (0//dev/asm-votedisk1)

 

假设以上发生clssnmDiskPMT警告的RAC场景共有3个voting disk,现已有一个asm-votedisk1因为I/O error或其他原因而被标记为OFFLINE,若此时再有一个votedisk也出现了问题并disk heartbeat 失败,那么节点会因为少于规定数目(2)的votedisk而引发eviction protocol,进而重启reboot。

单个或小于(N/2+1)个的voting disk心跳失败都仅仅生成警告(Warning),而非致命的错误。因为仍有绝大数量的vote disk可被访问,因此生成的警告都是非致命的,eviction protocol将不会被触发。

 

当实际的NM Reconfiguration集群重置情况发生时所有的active节点和正在加入集群的节点都会参与到reconfig中,那些没有应答(ack)的节点都将不再被归入新的集群关系中。实际上reconfig重置包括多个阶段:
1.初始化阶段 — reconfig manager(由集群成员号最低的节点担任)向其他节点发送启动reconfig的信号
2.投票阶段 — 节点向reconfig manager发送该节点所了解的成员关系
3.脑裂检查阶段 — reconfig manager检查是否脑裂
4.驱逐阶段 — reconfig manager驱逐非成员节点
5.更新阶段 — reconfig manager向成员节点发送权威成员关系信息

 

在脑裂检查阶段Reconfig Manager会找出那些没有Network Heartbeat而有Disk Heartbeat的节点,并通过Network Heartbeat(如果可能的话)和Disk Heartbeat的信息来计算所有竞争子集群(subcluster)内的节点数目,并依据以下2种因素决定哪个子集群应当存活下去:

  1. 拥有最多节点数目的子集群(Sub-cluster with largest number of Nodes)
  2. 若子集群内数目相等则为拥有最低节点号的子集群(Sub-cluster with lowest node number),举例来说在一个2节点的RAC环境中总是1号节点会获胜。
  3. 采用Stonith algorithm 的IO fencing(remote power reset)

 

补充:

STONITH算法是一种常用的I/O Fencing algorithm,是RAC中必要的远程关闭节点的接口。其想法十分简单,当某个节点上运行的软件希望确保本集群内的其他节点不能使用某种资源时,拔出其他节点的插座即可。这是一种简单、可靠且有些残酷的算法。Stonith 的优势是其没有特定的硬件需求,也不会限制集群的扩展性。

Oracle Clusterware的Process Monitor模块负责实现IO fencing,保证不会因节点/实例的不协调工作而产生corruption。Process Monitor的工作具体由hangcheck timer或者oprocd 完成, 在Linux平台上10.2.0.4 之前都没有oprocd的存在(其他Unix平台在10.2.0.1就有了),在安装RAC之前需要额外安装hangcheck timer软件以保证IO fencing, 到10.2.0.4 时Linux上也有了oprocd,具体见<Know about RAC Clusterware Process OPROCD> 一文。 这些负责IO fencing的进程一般都会被锁定在内存中(locked in memory)、实时运行(Real time)、休眠固定的时间(Sleep a fixed time)、以root身份运行;若进程唤醒后发现时间已经太晚,那么它会强制reboot;若这些进程发生失败,则也会重启,所以在RAC环境中oprocd是一个很重要的进程,不要失去手动去kill这个进程。

 

 

在完成脑裂检查后进入驱逐阶段,被驱逐节点会收到发送给它们的驱逐信息(如果网络可用的话),若无法发送信息则会通过写出驱逐通知到voting disk上的”kill block”来达到驱逐通知的目的。同时还会等待被驱逐节点表示其已收到驱逐通知,这种表示可能是通过网络通信的方式也可能是投票磁盘上的状态信息。

可以看到Oracle CSS中Brain Split Check时会尽可能地保证最大的一个子集群存活下来以保证RAC系统具有最高的可用性,而并不如那位资深工程师所说的在Cluster Reconfiguration阶段会通过节点对投票磁盘的抢占来保证哪个节点存活下来。

以下为一个三节点RAC环境中的2个示例场景:

1.1号节点网络失败,2,3号节点形成子集群;2,3节点通过voting disk向1号节点发起驱逐:

以下为1号节点的ocssd.log日志:
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:11:42.943 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 50 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 29.610 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:11:42.943 [3042950032] >TRACE:   clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) is impending reconfig, flag 1037, misstime 30390
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:11:42.943 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 50 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 29.150 seconds

对2,3号节点发起misscount计时

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:11:42.943 [3042950032] >TRACE:   clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) is impending reconfig, flag 1037, misstime 30850
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:11:42.943 [3042950032] >TRACE:   clssnmPollingThread: diskTimeout set to (57000)ms impending reconfig status(1)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:11:44.368 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 50 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 28.610 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:04.778 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 75 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 14.580 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:04.779 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 75 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 14.120 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:06.207 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 75 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 13.580 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:17.719 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 90 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 5.560 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:17.719 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 90 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 5.100 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:19.165 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 90 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 4.560 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:19.165 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 90 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 4.100 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:20.642 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 90 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 3.560 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:20.642 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 90 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 3.100 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:22.139 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 90 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 2.560 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:22.139 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 90 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 2.100 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:23.588 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 90 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 1.550 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:23.588 [3042950032] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 90 3.280308e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 1.090 seconds

2号节点的ocssd.log日志:

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:11:53.054 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 50 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 29.800 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:11:53.054 [3053439888] >TRACE:   clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) is impending reconfig, flag 1037, misstime 30200
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:11:53.054 [3053439888] >TRACE:   clssnmPollingThread: diskTimeout set to (57000)ms impending reconfig status(1)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:11:54.516 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 50 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 28.790 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:14.826 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 75 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 14.800 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:16.265 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 75 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 13.800 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:27.755 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 90 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 5.800 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:29.197 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 90 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 4.800 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:30.658 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 90 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 3.800 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:32.133 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 90 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 2.800 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:33.602 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 90 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 1.790 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.126 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 90 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 0.800 seconds

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.399 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmHandleSync: diskTimeout set to (57000)ms
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.399 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmHandleSync: Acknowledging sync: src[3] srcName[vrh3] seq[21] sync[10]

clssnmHandleSyn应答3号节点发送的同步信息

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.399 [5073104] >USER:    NMEVENT_SUSPEND [00][00][00][0e]

发生Node Monitoring SUSPEND事件

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.405 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmSendVoteInfo: node(3) syncSeqNo(10)

通过clssnmSendVoteInfo向3号节点发送投票信息Vote mesg

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.415 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmUpdateNodeState: node 0, state (0/0) unique (0/0) prevConuni(0) birth (0/0) (old/new)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.415 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmUpdateNodeState: node 1, state (3/0) unique (1303592601/1303592601) prevConuni(0) birth (9/9) (old/new)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.415 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmDiscHelper: vrh1, node(1) connection failed, con (0xb7e80ae8), probe((nil))
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.415 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmDeactivateNode: node 1 (vrh1) left cluster

确认1号节点离开了集群cluster

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.415 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmUpdateNodeState: node 2, state (3/3) unique (1303591210/1303591210) prevConuni(0) birth (2/2) (old/new)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.415 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmUpdateNodeState: node 3, state (3/3) unique (1303591326/1303591326) prevConuni(0) birth (3/3) (old/new)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.415 [117574544] >USER:    clssnmHandleUpdate: SYNC(10) from node(3) completed
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.416 [117574544] >USER:    clssnmHandleUpdate: NODE 2 (vrh2) IS ACTIVE MEMBER OF CLUSTER
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.416 [117574544] >USER:    clssnmHandleUpdate: NODE 3 (vrh3) IS ACTIVE MEMBER OF CLUSTER
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.416 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmHandleUpdate: diskTimeout set to (200000)ms
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.416 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmReconfigThread:  started for reconfig (10)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.416 [3021970320] >USER:    NMEVENT_RECONFIG [00][00][00][0c]
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.417 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock crs_version type 2
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.417 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(0) grock(crs_version) birth(9/9)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.418 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock _ORA_CRS_FAILOVER type 3
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.418 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock EVMDMAIN type 2
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.418 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(1) grock(EVMDMAIN) birth(9/9)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.418 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock CRSDMAIN type 2
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.418 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(1) grock(CRSDMAIN) birth(9/9)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.419 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock _ORA_CRS_MEMBER_vrh1 type 3
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.419 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock _ORA_CRS_MEMBER_vrh2 type 3
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.419 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock _ORA_CRS_MEMBER_vrh3 type 3
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.419 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock ocr_crs type 2
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.419 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(1) grock(ocr_crs) birth(9/9)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.419 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock #CSS_CLSSOMON type 2
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.419 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(1) grock(#CSS_CLSSOMON) birth(9/9)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.419 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmEstablishConnections: 2 nodes in cluster incarn 10
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.419 [3063929744] >TRACE:   clssgmPeerDeactivate: node 1 (vrh1), death 10, state 0x80000000 connstate 0xa
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.419 [3063929744] >TRACE:   clssgmPeerListener: connects done (2/2)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.419 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmEstablishMasterNode: MASTER for 10 is node(2) birth(2)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.419 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmMasterCMSync: Synchronizing group/lock status
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.428 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmMasterSendDBDone: group/lock status synchronization complete
[    CSSD]CLSS-3000: reconfiguration successful, incarnation 10 with 2 nodes

[    CSSD]CLSS-3001: local node number 2, master node number 2

完成reconfiguration

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:35.440 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmReconfigThread:  completed for reconfig(10), with status(1)

以下为3号节点的ocssd.log:

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:36.303 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 50 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 29.220 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:36.303 [3053439888] >TRACE:   clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) is impending reconfig, flag 1037, misstime 30780
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:36.303 [3053439888] >TRACE:   clssnmPollingThread: diskTimeout set to (57000)ms impending reconfig status(1)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:12:57.889 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 75 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 14.220 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:10.674 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 90 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 5.220 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:12.115 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 90 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 4.220 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:13.597 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 90 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 3.210 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:15.024 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 90 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 2.220 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:16.504 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 90 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 1.220 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:17.987 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh1 (1) at 90 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 0.220 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.325 [3053439888] >TRACE:   clssnmPollingThread: Eviction started for node vrh1 (1), flags 0x040d, state 3, wt4c 0
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.326 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmDoSyncUpdate: Initiating sync 10
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.326 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmDoSyncUpdate: diskTimeout set to (57000)ms
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.326 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: Ack message type (11)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.326 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: node(2) is ALIVE
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.326 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: node(3) is ALIVE
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.327 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSendSync: syncSeqNo(10)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.329 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitForAcks: Ack message type(11), ackCount(2)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.329 [89033616] >TRACE:   clssnmHandleSync: diskTimeout set to (57000)ms
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.329 [89033616] >TRACE:   clssnmHandleSync: Acknowledging sync: src[3] srcName[vrh3] seq[21] sync[10]
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.330 [8136912] >USER:    NMEVENT_SUSPEND [00][00][00][0e]
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.332 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitForAcks: done, msg type(11)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.332 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmDoSyncUpdate: Terminating node 1, vrh1, misstime(60010) state(5)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.332 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: Ack message type (13)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.332 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: node(2) is ACTIVE
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.332 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: node(3) is ACTIVE
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.334 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitForAcks: Ack message type(13), ackCount(2)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.335 [89033616] >TRACE:   clssnmSendVoteInfo: node(3) syncSeqNo(10)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.337 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitForAcks: done, msg type(13)

以上完成了2-3节点间的Vote mesg通信,这些信息包含Node identifier,GM peer to peer listening endpoint以及
View of cluster membership。

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.337 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmCheckDskInfo: Checking disk info...

开始检测voting disk上的信息

[ CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.337 [3032460176] >TRACE: clssnmCheckDskInfo: node 1, vrh1, state 5 with leader 1 has smaller cluster size 1; my cluster size 2 with leader 2

发现其他子集群,包含1号节点且1号节点为该子集群的leader,为最小子集群;3号与2号节点组成最大子集群,2号节点为leader节点

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.337 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmEvict: Start
[ CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.337 [3032460176] >TRACE: clssnmEvict: Evicting node 1, vrh1, birth 9, death 10, 
impendingrcfg 1, stateflags 0x40d 
发起对1号节点的驱逐

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.337 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSendShutdown: req to node 1, kill time 443294
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.339 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmDiscHelper: vrh1, node(1) connection failed, con (0xb7eaf220), probe((nil))
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.340 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitOnEvictions: Start
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.340 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitOnEvictions: node 1, vrh1, undead 1
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.340 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmCheckKillStatus: Node 1, vrh1, down, LATS(443144),timeout(150)

clssnmCheckKillStatus检查1号节点是否down了

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.340 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: Ack message type (15)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.340 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: node(2) is ACTIVE
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.340 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: node(3) is ACTIVE
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.340 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSendUpdate: syncSeqNo(10)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.341 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitForAcks: Ack message type(15), ackCount(2)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.341 [89033616] >TRACE:   clssnmUpdateNodeState: node 0, state (0/0) unique (0/0) prevConuni(0) birth (0/0) (old/new)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.341 [89033616] >TRACE:   clssnmUpdateNodeState: node 1, state (5/0) unique (1303592601/1303592601) prevConuni(1303592601) birth (9/9) (old/new)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.341 [89033616] >TRACE:   clssnmDeactivateNode: node 1 (vrh1) left cluster

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.341 [89033616] >TRACE:   clssnmUpdateNodeState: node 2, state (3/3) unique (1303591210/1303591210) prevConuni(0) birth (2/2) (old/new)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.341 [89033616] >TRACE:   clssnmUpdateNodeState: node 3, state (3/3) unique (1303591326/1303591326) prevConuni(0) birth (3/3) (old/new)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.342 [89033616] >USER:    clssnmHandleUpdate: SYNC(10) from node(3) completed
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.342 [89033616] >USER:    clssnmHandleUpdate: NODE 2 (vrh2) IS ACTIVE MEMBER OF CLUSTER
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.342 [89033616] >USER:    clssnmHandleUpdate: NODE 3 (vrh3) IS ACTIVE MEMBER OF CLUSTER
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.342 [89033616] >TRACE:   clssnmHandleUpdate: diskTimeout set to (200000)ms
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.347 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitForAcks: done, msg type(15)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.348 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmDoSyncUpdate: Sync 10 complete!
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.350 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmReconfigThread:  started for reconfig (10)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.350 [3021970320] >USER:    NMEVENT_RECONFIG [00][00][00][0c]
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.351 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock crs_version type 2
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.352 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(0) grock(crs_version) birth(9/9)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.353 [3063929744] >TRACE:   clssgmDispatchCMXMSG(): got message type(7) src(2) incarn(10) during incarn(9/9)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.354 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock _ORA_CRS_FAILOVER type 3
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.355 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock EVMDMAIN type 2
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.355 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(1) grock(EVMDMAIN) birth(9/9)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.355 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock CRSDMAIN type 2
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.355 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(1) grock(CRSDMAIN) birth(9/9)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.355 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock _ORA_CRS_MEMBER_vrh1 type 3
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.355 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock _ORA_CRS_MEMBER_vrh2 type 3
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.356 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock _ORA_CRS_MEMBER_vrh3 type 3
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.356 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock ocr_crs type 2
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.356 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(1) grock(ocr_crs) birth(9/9)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.356 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock #CSS_CLSSOMON type 2
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.356 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(1) grock(#CSS_CLSSOMON) birth(9/9)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.357 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmEstablishConnections: 2 nodes in cluster incarn 10
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.366 [3063929744] >TRACE:   clssgmPeerDeactivate: node 1 (vrh1), death 10, state 0x80000000 connstate 0xa
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.367 [3063929744] >TRACE:   clssgmHandleDBDone(): src/dest (2/65535) size(68) incarn 10
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.367 [3063929744] >TRACE:   clssgmPeerListener: connects done (2/2)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.369 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmEstablishMasterNode: MASTER for 10 is node(2) birth(2)

更新阶段   

[    CSSD]CLSS-3000: reconfiguration successful, incarnation 10 with 2 nodes

[    CSSD]CLSS-3001: local node number 3, master node number 2

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.372 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmReconfigThread:  completed for reconfig(10), with status(1)

2.另一场景为1号节点未加入集群,2号节点的网络失败,因2号节点的member number较小故其通过voting disk向3号节点发起驱逐

以下为2号节点的ocssd.log日志

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:41:48.643 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 50 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 29.890 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:41:48.643 [3053439888] >TRACE:   clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) is impending reconfig, flag 1037, misstime 30110
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:41:48.643 [3053439888] >TRACE:   clssnmPollingThread: diskTimeout set to (57000)ms impending reconfig status(1)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:41:50.132 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 50 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 28.890 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:10.533 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 75 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 14.860 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:11.962 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 75 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 13.860 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:23.523 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 90 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 5.840 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:24.989 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 90 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 4.840 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:26.423 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 90 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 3.840 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:27.890 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 90 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 2.840 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:29.382 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 90 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 1.840 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:30.832 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh3 (3) at 90 8.910601e-269artbeat fatal, eviction in 0.830 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.020 [3053439888] >TRACE:   clssnmPollingThread: Eviction started for node vrh3 (3), flags 0x040d, state 3, wt4c 0
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.020 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmDoSyncUpdate: Initiating sync 13
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.020 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmDoSyncUpdate: diskTimeout set to (57000)ms
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.020 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: Ack message type (11)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.020 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: node(2) is ALIVE
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.020 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSendSync: syncSeqNo(13)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.021 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitForAcks: Ack message type(11), ackCount(1)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.021 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmHandleSync: diskTimeout set to (57000)ms
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.021 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmHandleSync: Acknowledging sync: src[2] srcName[vrh2] seq[13] sync[13]
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.021 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitForAcks: done, msg type(11)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.021 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmDoSyncUpdate: Terminating node 3, vrh3, misstime(60000) state(5)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.021 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: Ack message type (13)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.021 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: node(2) is ACTIVE
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.021 [5073104] >USER:    NMEVENT_SUSPEND [00][00][00][0c]
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.021 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitForAcks: Ack message type(13), ackCount(1)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.022 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmSendVoteInfo: node(2) syncSeqNo(13)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.022 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitForAcks: done, msg type(13)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.022 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmCheckDskInfo: Checking disk info...
[ CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.022 [3032460176] >TRACE: clssnmCheckDskInfo: node 3, vrh3, state 5 with leader 3 
has smaller cluster size 1; my cluster size 1 with leader 2 检查voting disk后发现子集群3为最小"子集群"(3号节点的node number较2号大);2号节点为最大子集群 [ CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.022 [3032460176] >TRACE: clssnmEvict: Start [ CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.022 [3032460176] >TRACE: clssnmEvict: Evicting node 3, vrh3, birth 3, death 13, impendingrcfg 1, stateflags 0x40d [ CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.022 [3032460176] >TRACE: clssnmSendShutdown: req to node 3, kill time 1643084 发起对3号节点的驱逐和shutdown request

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.023 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmDiscHelper: vrh3, node(3) connection failed, con (0xb7e79bb0), probe((nil))
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.023 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitOnEvictions: Start
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.023 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitOnEvictions: node 3, vrh3, undead 1
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.023 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmCheckKillStatus: Node 3, vrh3, down, LATS(1642874),timeout(210)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.023 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: Ack message type (15)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.023 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: node(2) is ACTIVE
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.023 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSendUpdate: syncSeqNo(13)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.024 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitForAcks: Ack message type(15), ackCount(1)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.024 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmUpdateNodeState: node 0, state (0/0) unique (0/0) prevConuni(0) birth (0/0) (old/new)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.024 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmUpdateNodeState: node 1, state (0/0) unique (0/0) prevConuni(0) birth (0/0) (old/new)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.024 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmUpdateNodeState: node 2, state (3/3) unique (1303591210/1303591210) prevConuni(0) birth (2/2) (old/new)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.024 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmUpdateNodeState: node 3, state (5/0) unique (1303591326/1303591326) prevConuni(1303591326) birth (3/3) (old/new)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.024 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmDeactivateNode: node 3 (vrh3) left cluster

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.024 [117574544] >USER:    clssnmHandleUpdate: SYNC(13) from node(2) completed
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.024 [117574544] >USER:    clssnmHandleUpdate: NODE 2 (vrh2) IS ACTIVE MEMBER OF CLUSTER
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.024 [117574544] >TRACE:   clssnmHandleUpdate: diskTimeout set to (200000)ms
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.024 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitForAcks: done, msg type(15)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.024 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmDoSyncUpdate: Sync 13 complete!
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.024 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmReconfigThread:  started for reconfig (13)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.024 [3021970320] >USER:    NMEVENT_RECONFIG [00][00][00][04]
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock crs_version type 2
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(2) grock(crs_version) birth(3/3)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock _ORA_CRS_FAILOVER type 3
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(0) grock(_ORA_CRS_FAILOVER) birth(3/3)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock EVMDMAIN type 2
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(3) grock(EVMDMAIN) birth(3/3)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock CRSDMAIN type 2
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(3) grock(CRSDMAIN) birth(3/3)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock _ORA_CRS_MEMBER_vrh1 type 3
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(0) grock(_ORA_CRS_MEMBER_vrh1) birth(3/3)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock _ORA_CRS_MEMBER_vrh3 type 3
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(0) grock(_ORA_CRS_MEMBER_vrh3) birth(3/3)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock ocr_crs type 2
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(3) grock(ocr_crs) birth(3/3)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupGrocks: cleaning up grock #CSS_CLSSOMON type 2
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmCleanupOrphanMembers: cleaning up remote mbr(3) grock(#CSS_CLSSOMON) birth(3/3)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.025 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmEstablishConnections: 1 nodes in cluster incarn 13
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.026 [3063929744] >TRACE:   clssgmPeerDeactivate: node 3 (vrh3), death 13, state 0x0 connstate 0xf
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.026 [3063929744] >TRACE:   clssgmPeerListener: connects done (1/1)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.026 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmEstablishMasterNode: MASTER for 13 is node(2) birth(2)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.026 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmMasterCMSync: Synchronizing group/lock status
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.026 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmMasterSendDBDone: group/lock status synchronization complete
[    CSSD]CLSS-3000: reconfiguration successful, incarnation 13 with 1 nodes

[    CSSD]CLSS-3001: local node number 2, master node number 2

完成reconfiguration

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.027 [3021970320] >TRACE:   clssgmReconfigThread:  completed for reconfig(13), with status(1)

以下为3号节点的ocssd.log日志:

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:33.204 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 50 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 29.360 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:33.204 [3053439888] >TRACE:   clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) is impending reconfig, flag 1039, misstime 30640
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:33.204 [3053439888] >TRACE:   clssnmPollingThread: diskTimeout set to (57000)ms impending reconfig status(1)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:55.168 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 75 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 14.330 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:08.182 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 90 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 5.310 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:09.661 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 90 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 4.300 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:11.144 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 90 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 3.300 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:12.634 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 90 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 2.300 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:14.053 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 90 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 1.300 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.467 [3053439888] >WARNING: clssnmPollingThread: node vrh2 (2) at 90 1.867300e-268artbeat fatal, eviction in 0.300 seconds
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.911 [3053439888] >TRACE:   clssnmPollingThread: Eviction started for node vrh2 (2), flags 0x040f, state 3, wt4c 0
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.911 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmDoSyncUpdate: Initiating sync 13
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.911 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmDoSyncUpdate: diskTimeout set to (57000)ms
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.911 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: Ack message type (11)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.911 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: node(3) is ALIVE
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.911 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSendSync: syncSeqNo(13)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.911 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitForAcks: Ack message type(11), ackCount(1)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.912 [89033616] >TRACE:   clssnmHandleSync: diskTimeout set to (57000)ms
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.912 [89033616] >TRACE:   clssnmHandleSync: Acknowledging sync: src[3] srcName[vrh3] seq[29] sync[13]
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.912 [8136912] >USER:    NMEVENT_SUSPEND [00][00][00][0c]
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.912 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitForAcks: done, msg type(11)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.912 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmDoSyncUpdate: Terminating node 2, vrh2, misstime(60010) state(5)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.912 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: Ack message type (13)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.912 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmSetupAckWait: node(3) is ACTIVE
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.913 [89033616] >TRACE:   clssnmSendVoteInfo: node(3) syncSeqNo(13)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.912 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmWaitForAcks: Ack message type(13), ackCount(1)
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.913 [3032460176] >TRACE:   clssnmCheckDskInfo: Checking disk info...
[ CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.913 [3032460176] >ERROR: clssnmCheckDskInfo: Aborting local node to avoid splitbrain. [ CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.913 [3032460176] >ERROR: : my node(3), Leader(3), Size(1) VS Node(2), Leader(2), Size(1) 读取voting disk后发现kill block,为避免split brain,自我aborting!

[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.913 [3032460176] >ERROR:   ###################################
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.913 [3032460176] >ERROR:   clssscExit: CSSD aborting
[    CSSD]2011-04-23 17:43:15.913 [3032460176] >ERROR:   ###################################
[    CSSD]--- DUMP GROCK STATE DB ---
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]  type 2, Id 4, Name = (crs_version)
[    CSSD]  flags: 0x1000
[    CSSD]  grant: count=0, type 0, wait 0
[    CSSD]  Member Count =2, master 2
[    CSSD]   . . . . .
[    CSSD]     memberNo =2, seq 2
[    CSSD]     flags = 0x0, granted 0
[    CSSD]     refCnt = 1
[    CSSD]     nodeNum = 3, nodeBirth 3
[    CSSD]     privateDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]     publicDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]   . . . . .
[    CSSD]     memberNo =1, seq 12
[    CSSD]     flags = 0x1000, granted 0
[    CSSD]     refCnt = 1
[    CSSD]     nodeNum = 2, nodeBirth 2
[    CSSD]     privateDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]     publicDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]  type 3, Id 11, Name = (_ORA_CRS_FAILOVER)
[    CSSD]  flags: 0x0
[    CSSD]  grant: count=1, type 3, wait 1
[    CSSD]  Member Count =1, master -3
[    CSSD]   . . . . .
[    CSSD]     memberNo =0, seq 0
[    CSSD]     flags = 0x12, granted 1
[    CSSD]     refCnt = 1
[    CSSD]     nodeNum = 3, nodeBirth 3
[    CSSD]     privateDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]     publicDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]  type 2, Id 2, Name = (EVMDMAIN)
[    CSSD]  flags: 0x1000
[    CSSD]  grant: count=0, type 0, wait 0
[    CSSD]  Member Count =2, master 2
[    CSSD]   . . . . .
[    CSSD]     memberNo =2, seq 1
[    CSSD]     flags = 0x0, granted 0
[    CSSD]     refCnt = 1
[    CSSD]     nodeNum = 2, nodeBirth 2
[    CSSD]     privateDataSize = 508
[    CSSD]     publicDataSize = 504
[    CSSD]   . . . . .
[    CSSD]     memberNo =3, seq 2
[    CSSD]     flags = 0x0, granted 0
[    CSSD]     refCnt = 1
[    CSSD]     nodeNum = 3, nodeBirth 3
[    CSSD]     privateDataSize = 508
[    CSSD]     publicDataSize = 504
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]  type 2, Id 5, Name = (CRSDMAIN)
[    CSSD]  flags: 0x1000
[    CSSD]  grant: count=0, type 0, wait 0
[    CSSD]  Member Count =1, master 3
[    CSSD]   . . . . .
[    CSSD]     memberNo =3, seq 2
[    CSSD]     flags = 0x0, granted 0
[    CSSD]     refCnt = 1
[    CSSD]     nodeNum = 3, nodeBirth 3
[    CSSD]     privateDataSize = 128
[    CSSD]     publicDataSize = 128
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]  type 3, Id 12, Name = (_ORA_CRS_MEMBER_vrh1)
[    CSSD]  flags: 0x0
[    CSSD]  grant: count=1, type 3, wait 1
[    CSSD]  Member Count =1, master -3
[    CSSD]   . . . . .
[    CSSD]     memberNo =0, seq 0
[    CSSD]     flags = 0x12, granted 1
[    CSSD]     refCnt = 1
[    CSSD]     nodeNum = 3, nodeBirth 3
[    CSSD]     privateDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]     publicDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]  type 3, Id 12, Name = (_ORA_CRS_MEMBER_vrh3)
[    CSSD]  flags: 0x0
[    CSSD]  grant: count=1, type 3, wait 1
[    CSSD]  Member Count =1, master -3
[    CSSD]   . . . . .
[    CSSD]     memberNo =0, seq 0
[    CSSD]     flags = 0x12, granted 1
[    CSSD]     refCnt = 1
[    CSSD]     nodeNum = 3, nodeBirth 3
[    CSSD]     privateDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]     publicDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]  type 2, Id 3, Name = (ocr_crs)
[    CSSD]  flags: 0x1000
[    CSSD]  grant: count=0, type 0, wait 0
[    CSSD]  Member Count =2, master 3
[    CSSD]   . . . . .
[    CSSD]     memberNo =3, seq 2
[    CSSD]     flags = 0x0, granted 0
[    CSSD]     refCnt = 1
[    CSSD]     nodeNum = 3, nodeBirth 3
[    CSSD]     privateDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]     publicDataSize = 32
[    CSSD]   . . . . .
[    CSSD]     memberNo =2, seq 12
[    CSSD]     flags = 0x1000, granted 0
[    CSSD]     refCnt = 1
[    CSSD]     nodeNum = 2, nodeBirth 2
[    CSSD]     privateDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]     publicDataSize = 32
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]  type 2, Id 1, Name = (#CSS_CLSSOMON)
[    CSSD]  flags: 0x1000
[    CSSD]  grant: count=0, type 0, wait 0
[    CSSD]  Member Count =2, master 2
[    CSSD]   . . . . .
[    CSSD]     memberNo =2, seq 1
[    CSSD]     flags = 0x1000, granted 0
[    CSSD]     refCnt = 1
[    CSSD]     nodeNum = 2, nodeBirth 2
[    CSSD]     privateDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]     publicDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]   . . . . .
[    CSSD]     memberNo =3, seq 2
[    CSSD]     flags = 0x1000, granted 0
[    CSSD]     refCnt = 1
[    CSSD]     nodeNum = 3, nodeBirth 3
[    CSSD]     privateDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]     publicDataSize = 0
[    CSSD]----------
[    CSSD]--- END OF GROCK STATE DUMP ---
[    CSSD]------- Begin Dump -------

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Comments

  1. maclean says:

    关于本篇文章,答网友疑问

    Question 1:

    文档里的有些说法 我觉得不是很靠谱
    比如
    所以
    有一种说法认为voting disk只要有2个足以保证冗余度就可以了,没有必要有3个或以上
    voting disk,这种说法是错误的。Oracle推荐集群中至少要有3个voting disks。 实际上应该是奇数个,1个也是可以的

    在脑裂检查阶段Reconfig Manager会找出那些没有Network Heartbeat而有Disk Heartbeat的
    节点,并通过Network Heartbeat(如果可能的话)和Disk Heartbeat的信息来计算所有竞争子集
    群(subcluster)内的节点数目,并依据以下2种因素决定哪个子集群应当存活下去:
    1. 拥有最多节点数目的子集群(Sub-cluster with largest number of Nodes)
    2. 若子集群内数目相等则为拥有最低节点号的子集群(Sub-cluster with lowest node
    number),举例来说在一个2节点的RAC环境中总是1号节点会获胜。 ??
    这句话 有官方 出处吗? 还是自己的理解?

    如果这个1,2 成立 ,那么voting disk 还有什么用,不用voting disk 就已经可以判断出 那个节点获胜了

    Answer:
    1.
    1个当然也可以,但是注意写的是推荐

    2. 没有votedisk ,这些sub-cluster如何通信呢?

    关于若子集群内数目相等则为拥有最低节点号的子集群(Sub-cluster with lowest node
    number) 这个Oracle的内部文档是有描述的,且也是文档中的实验可证实的

    Question 2:
    lz很用心,不过至少有2种情况可能没遇到过
    1.发生在磁盘级的脑裂,这个在exadata环境中很常见
    2.当被驱除的节点没cpu时间片反应驱逐信号,咋办

    Answer:
    文章的主旨是写 脑裂决议的一些原理, 真实世界中的 多节点RAC 的情况可能复杂得多

    Question:
    lz 能不能 具体的讲讲
    1.为什么 voting disk 必须是奇数? 1个voting disk 算一票,那么3个voting disk是3票吗?
    2.什么情况下 voting disk 参与投票
    我看到 1. 拥有最多节点数目的子集群(Sub-cluster with largest number of Nodes)
    2. 若子集群内数目相等则为拥有最低节点号的子集群(Sub-cluster with lowest node
    number),举例来说在一个2节点的RAC环境中总是1号节点会获胜。
    如果上面1,2成立,那么voting disk 何时参与投票? 能否举个例子 ,谢谢

    Answer:

    1.
    为了保证以上的磁盘心跳和读取”kill block”的活动始终正常运作CSS要求保证至少(N/2+1)个
    投票磁盘要被节点正常访问,这样就保证了每2个节点间总是至少有一个投票磁盘是它们都
    可以正常访问的

    从来都没有说必须是奇数个,但推荐是奇数个

    为什么是奇数个?例如有3个votedisk ,那么其中一个节点只要能访问其中2个就 ok,而如果共有2个votedisk 那么节点需要能正常访问所有的VD。

    如果是 4个ok吗? 当然,4个也可以。

    2.
    “在脑裂检查阶段Reconfig Manager会找出那些没有Network Heartbeat而有Disk Heartbeat的
    节点,并通过Network Heartbeat(如果可能的话)和Disk Heartbeat的信息来计算所有竞争子集
    群(subcluster)内的节点数目,并依据以下2种因素决定哪个子集群应当存活下去”

    另见文档 实验部分的日志,如:


    [ CSSD]2011-04-23 17:13:18.337 [3032460176] >TRACE: clssnmCheckDskInfo:
    node 1, vrh1, state 5
    with leader 1 has smaller cluster size 1; my cluster size 2 with leader 2″

    3. 实验里的场景2说明了该问题:

    “另一场景为1号节点未加入集群,2号节点的网络失败,因2号节点的member number较
    小故其通过voting disk向3号节点发起驱逐”

    “[ CSSD]2011-04-23 17:42:32.022 [3032460176] >TRACE: clssnmCheckDskInfo:
    node 3, vrh3, state 5 with leader 3
    has smaller cluster size 1; my cluster size 1 with leader 2”

    如果还不理解 ,那么读读这段:

    The RM (Reconfig Manager) sends a sync message to all participating nodes. Participating nodes respond with a sync acknowledgement. After this the vote phase begins and the master sends a vote message to all participating nodes. Participating nodes repond with a vote info message containing their node identifier and GM peer to peer listening endpoint. In the split-check phase, the RM uses the voting disk to verify there is no split-brain. It finds nodes heartbeating to disk that are not connected via the network. If it finds these, it will determine which nodes are talking to which and the largest subcluster survives. For example, if we have a 5 node cluster and all of the nodes are heartbeating to the voting disk but only a group of 3 can communicate via the network and a group of 2 can communication via the network, this means we have 2 subclusters. The largest subcluster (3) would survive while the other subcluster (2) would not. After this the evict phase would evict nodes previously in the cluster but not considered members in this incarnation. In this case we would send a message to evicted nodes (if possible) and write eviction notice to a ‘kill’ block in the voting file. We would wait for the node to indicate it got the eviction notice (wait for seconds). The wait is terminated by a message or status on the voting file indicating that the node got the eviction notice. In the update phase the master sends an update message containing the definitive cluster membership and node information for all particpating nodes. The participating nodes send update acknowledgements. All members queue the reconfiguration event ot their GM.

  2. maclean says:

    As far as voting disks are concerned, a node must be able to access strictly more than half of the voting disks at any time. So if you want to be able to tolerate a failure of n voting disks, you must have at least 2n+1 configured. (n=1 means 3 voting disks). You can configure up to 32 voting disks, providing protection against 15 simultaneous disk failures.
    Oracle recommends that customers use 3 or more voting disks in Oracle RAC 10g Release 2. Note: For best availability, the 3 voting files should be physically separate disks. It is recommended to use an odd number as 4 disks will not be any more highly available than 3 disks, 1/2 of 3 is 1.5…rounded to 2, 1/2 of 4 is 2, once we lose 2 disks, our cluster will fail with both 4 voting disks or 3 voting disks.

  3. antiper says:

    i have a interesting circumstances.
    3 node rac, 3 voting disk.each node can write to two voting disks, if node 1 is the master node.
    Node1 lost access to vote2 and can only access vote1 and vote3
    Node2 lost access to vote3 and can only access vote2 and vote1
    Node3 lost access to vote1 and can only access vote2 and vote3
    how Brain Split takes place?is it the supposition possible?
    thanks maclean in advance!

    • Hi aptiper,

      Problems with access to a single vote disk will result in a Warning as opposed to an Error as long as there are still a majority of vote disks accessible from each node, so the warning is non-fatal, and in this case, eviction protocol is not invoked.

  4. mustapha says:

    Maclean 的论述非常到位,抢夺的机制是最初的机制,oracle crs的机制如楼主所述,单单从脑裂的机制判断上就是如此

  5. A Freshman says:

    I’m being confused by a phenomenon:
    A RAC with 2 nodes, one of which failed with its public NIC(mine is eth0), but the interconnect and voting disks of the cluster were all OK. Several minutes later, all the two nodes restarted by itself.
    Can you pls tell me the reason? Really want to know why it happened on earth??Should not node1 failover to node2 when node1’s public NIC failed?

  6. A Freshman says:

    I’m being confused by a phenomenon:
    A RAC with two nodes(10g).
    Node1 failed with tis public NIC (mine is eth0), but the interconnect between the two nodes and the voting disks of the cluster were all OK, nothing wrong. After this happened (Several minutes later), the two nodes rebooted one after the other automatically. (First node2 , then node1).
    Shouldn’t node1 failover to node2 when node1’s public NIC failed?
    Can you pls, help!
    thx alot

  7. liu.maclean says:

    有同学说 “若子集群内数目相等则为拥有最低节点号的子集群(Sub-cluster with lowest node number)” 这里说的低节点号不是指 RAC节点(1号 节点 ,2号节点)这样的节点号, 而是实际 上下文的节点号, olsnodes -n 获得的节点号, 我赞同他的这一观点

  8. drawlink says:

    在脑裂检查阶段Reconfig Manager会找出那些没有Network Heartbeat而有Disk Heartbeat的节点,并通过Network Heartbeat(如果可能的话)和Disk Heartbeat的信息来计算所有竞争子集群(subcluster)内的节点数目,这个是怎么计算各个子集群中的节点数目啊。比如A,B,C三个节点,现在A是个子集群,BC组成子集群,A只能知道自己是1如何得知BC是2呢,如果通过 votedisk的话,votedisk上面也只记录的是ABC三个都是存活的,并没有说BC组成了一个子集群啊。

  9. d.b.c.a says:

    说了半天,也没用说明白是什么原因造成了节点被驱逐。是磁盘心跳的问题造成节点被驱逐,那么是什么原因造成磁盘心跳的问题?

  10. 如果出现Network Heartbeat和Disk Heartbeat全部失败,RAC节点会做出什么响应呢?做出响应时间会是以disktimeout为标准吗?如果Disk Heartbeat在几十秒内恢复但是Network Heartbeat没有回复,那是否是节点号小的会不被驱逐?那如果节点号小的节点没有恢复Network Heartbeat和Disk Heartbeat,但是节点号大的节点只恢复了Disk Heartbeat那么会有何结果?

  11. zergduan says:

    “子节点号之和最小的子集群被保留,其他子集群被驱逐~” 这样的规则适用于10g到12.0.1.1;从12.0.1.2开始这个规则被颠倒变成为“子节点号之和最大的子集群被保留,其他子集群被驱逐~”

    • zergduan says:

      写错了,应该是12.0.1.2开始:
      先比较node weight,如果weight不同,weight高的被保留,其他被驱逐~
      如果node weight相同,那么还是节点号之最小的被保留,其他的被驱逐~

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