Script to Collect Data Guard Diagnostic Information

Overview
——–

This script is intended to provide an easy method to provide information
necessary to troubleshoot Data Guard issues.

Script Notes
————-

This script is intended to be run via sqlplus as the SYS or Internal user.

Script
——-

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Script begins here - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

-- NAME: dg_prim_diag.sql  (Run on PRIMARY with a LOGICAL or PHYSICAL STANDBY)


set echo off
set feedback off
column timecol new_value timestamp
column spool_extension new_value suffix
select to_char(sysdate,'Mondd_hhmi') timecol,
'.out' spool_extension from sys.dual;
column output new_value dbname
select value || '_' output
from v$parameter where name = 'db_name';
spool dg_prim_diag_&&dbname&&timestamp&&suffix
set linesize 79
set pagesize 35
set trim on
set trims on
alter session set nls_date_format = 'MON-DD-YYYY HH24:MI:SS';
set feedback on
select to_char(sysdate) time from dual;

set echo on

-- In the following the database_role should be primary as that is what
-- this script is intended to be run on.  If protection_level is different
-- than protection_mode then for some reason the mode listed in
-- protection_mode experienced a need to downgrade.  Once the error
-- condition has been corrected the protection_level should match the
-- protection_mode after the next log switch.

column role format a7 tru
column name format a10 wrap

select name,database_role role,log_mode,
protection_mode,protection_level
from v$database;

-- ARCHIVER can be (STOPPED | STARTED | FAILED). FAILED means that the
-- archiver failed to archive a log last time, but will try again within 5
-- minutes. LOG_SWITCH_WAIT The ARCHIVE LOG/CLEAR LOG/CHECKPOINT event log
-- switching is waiting for.  Note that if ALTER SYSTEM SWITCH LOGFILE is
-- hung, but there is room in the current online redo log, then value is
-- NULL

column host_name format a20 tru
column version format a9 tru

select instance_name,host_name,version,archiver,log_switch_wait
from v$instance;

-- The following query give us information about catpatch.
-- This way we can tell if the procedure doesn't match the image.

select version, modified, status from dba_registry
where comp_id = 'CATPROC';

-- Force logging is not mandatory but is recommended.  Supplemental
-- logging must be enabled if the standby associated with this primary is
-- a logical standby. During normal operations it is acceptable for
-- SWITCHOVER_STATUS to be SESSIONS ACTIVE or TO STANDBY.

column force_logging format a13 tru
column remote_archive format a14 tru
column dataguard_broker format a16 tru

select force_logging,remote_archive,
supplemental_log_data_pk,supplemental_log_data_ui,
switchover_status,dataguard_broker
from v$database;

-- This query produces a list of all archive destinations.  It shows if
-- they are enabled, what process is servicing that destination, if the
-- destination is local or remote, and if remote what the current mount ID
-- is.

column destination format a35 wrap
column process format a7
column archiver format a8
column ID format 99
column mid format 99

select dest_id "ID",destination,status,target,
schedule,process,mountid  mid
from v$archive_dest order by dest_id;

-- This select will give further detail on the destinations as to what
-- options have been set.  Register indicates whether or not the archived
-- redo log is registered in the remote destination control file.

set numwidth 8
column ID format 99

select dest_id "ID",archiver,transmit_mode,affirm,async_blocks async,
net_timeout net_time,delay_mins delay,reopen_secs reopen,
register,binding
from v$archive_dest order by dest_id;

-- The following select will show any errors that occured the last time
-- an attempt to archive to the destination was attempted.  If ERROR is
-- blank and status is VALID then the archive completed correctly.

column error format a55 wrap

select dest_id,status,error from v$archive_dest;

-- The query below will determine if any error conditions have been
-- reached by querying the v$dataguard_status view (view only available in
-- 9.2.0 and above):

column message format a80

select message, timestamp
from v$dataguard_status
where severity in ('Error','Fatal')
order by timestamp;

-- The following query will determine the current sequence number
-- and the last sequence archived.  If you are remotely archiving
-- using the LGWR process then the archived sequence should be one
-- higher than the current sequence.  If remotely archiving using the
-- ARCH process then the archived sequence should be equal to the
-- current sequence.  The applied sequence information is updated at
-- log switch time.

select ads.dest_id,max(sequence#) "Current Sequence",
max(log_sequence) "Last Archived"
from v$archived_log al, v$archive_dest ad, v$archive_dest_status ads
where ad.dest_id=al.dest_id
and al.dest_id=ads.dest_id
group by ads.dest_id;

-- The following select will attempt to gather as much information as
-- possible from the standby.  SRLs are not supported with Logical Standby
-- until Version 10.1.

set numwidth 8
column ID format 99
column "SRLs" format 99
column Active format 99

select dest_id id,database_mode db_mode,recovery_mode,
protection_mode,standby_logfile_count "SRLs",
standby_logfile_active ACTIVE,
archived_seq#
from v$archive_dest_status;

-- Query v$managed_standby to see the status of processes involved in
-- the shipping redo on this system.  Does not include processes needed to
-- apply redo.

select process,status,client_process,sequence#
from v$managed_standby;

-- The following query is run on the primary to see if SRL's have been
-- created in preparation for switchover.

select group#,sequence#,bytes from v$standby_log;

-- The above SRL's should match in number and in size with the ORL's
-- returned below:

select group#,thread#,sequence#,bytes,archived,status from v$log;

-- Non-default init parameters.

set numwidth 5
column name format a30 tru
column value format a48 wra
select name, value
from v$parameter
where isdefault = 'FALSE';

spool off

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  Script ends here  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Overview
——–

This script is intended to provide an easy method to provide information
necessary to troubleshoot Data Guard issues.

Script Notes
————-

This script is intended to be run via sqlplus as the SYS or Internal user.

Script
——-

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Script begins here - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

-- NAME: DG_phy_stby_diag.sql


set echo off
set feedback off
column timecol new_value timestamp
column spool_extension new_value suffix
select to_char(sysdate,'Mondd_hhmi') timecol,
'.out' spool_extension from sys.dual;
column output new_value dbname
select value || '_' output
from v$parameter where name = 'db_name';
spool dgdiag_phystby_&&dbname&&timestamp&&suffix
set lines 200
set pagesize 35
set trim on
set trims on
alter session set nls_date_format = 'MON-DD-YYYY HH24:MI:SS';
set feedback on
select to_char(sysdate) time from dual;

set echo on

--
-- ARCHIVER can be  (STOPPED | STARTED | FAILED) FAILED means that the archiver failed
-- to archive a -- log last time, but will try again within 5 minutes. LOG_SWITCH_WAIT
-- The ARCHIVE LOG/CLEAR LOG/CHECKPOINT event log switching is waiting for. Note that
-- if ALTER SYSTEM SWITCH LOGFILE is hung, but there is room in the current online
-- redo log, then value is NULL

column host_name format a20 tru
column version format a9 tru
select instance_name,host_name,version,archiver,log_switch_wait from v$instance;

-- The following select will give us the generic information about how this standby is
-- setup.  The database_role should be standby as that is what this script is intended
-- to be ran on.  If protection_level is different than protection_mode then for some
-- reason the mode listed in protection_mode experienced a need to downgrade.  Once the
-- error condition has been corrected the protection_level should match the protection_mode
-- after the next log switch.

column ROLE format a7 tru
select name,database_role,log_mode,controlfile_type,protection_mode,protection_level
from v$database;

-- Force logging is not mandatory but is recommended.  Supplemental logging should be enabled
-- on the standby if a logical standby is in the configuration. During normal
-- operations it is acceptable for SWITCHOVER_STATUS to be SESSIONS ACTIVE or NOT ALLOWED.

column force_logging format a13 tru
column remote_archive format a14 tru
column dataguard_broker format a16 tru
select force_logging,remote_archive,supplemental_log_data_pk,supplemental_log_data_ui,
switchover_status,dataguard_broker from v$database;

-- This query produces a list of all archive destinations and shows if they are enabled,
-- what process is servicing that destination, if the destination is local or remote,
-- and if remote what the current mount ID is. For a physical standby we should have at
-- least one remote destination that points the primary set but it should be deferred.

COLUMN destination FORMAT A35 WRAP
column process format a7
column archiver format a8
column ID format 99

select dest_id "ID",destination,status,target,
archiver,schedule,process,mountid
from v$archive_dest;

-- If the protection mode of the standby is set to anything higher than max performance
-- then we need to make sure the remote destination that points to the primary is set
-- with the correct options else we will have issues during switchover.

select dest_id,process,transmit_mode,async_blocks,
net_timeout,delay_mins,reopen_secs,register,binding
from v$archive_dest;

-- The following select will show any errors that occured the last time an attempt to
-- archive to the destination was attempted.  If ERROR is blank and status is VALID then
-- the archive completed correctly.

column error format a55 tru
select dest_id,status,error from v$archive_dest;

-- Determine if any error conditions have been reached by querying thev$dataguard_status
-- view (view only available in 9.2.0 and above):

column message format a80
select message, timestamp
from v$dataguard_status
where severity in ('Error','Fatal')
order by timestamp;

-- The following query is ran to get the status of the SRL's on the standby.  If the
-- primary is archiving with the LGWR process and SRL's are present (in the correct
-- number and size) then we should see a group# active.

select group#,sequence#,bytes,used,archived,status from v$standby_log;

-- The above SRL's should match in number and in size with the ORL's returned below:

select group#,thread#,sequence#,bytes,archived,status from v$log;

-- Query v$managed_standby to see the status of processes involved in the
-- configuration.

select process,status,client_process,sequence#,block#,active_agents,known_agents
from v$managed_standby;

-- Verify that the last sequence# received and the last sequence# applied to standby
-- database.

select al.thrd "Thread", almax "Last Seq Received", lhmax "Last Seq Applied"
from (select thread# thrd, max(sequence#) almax
from v$archived_log
where resetlogs_change#=(select resetlogs_change# from v$database)
group by thread#) al,
(select thread# thrd, max(sequence#) lhmax
from v$log_history
where first_time=(select max(first_time) from v$log_history)
group by thread#) lh
where al.thrd = lh.thrd;

-- The V$ARCHIVE_GAP fixed view on a physical standby database only returns the next
-- gap that is currently blocking redo apply from continuing. After resolving the
-- identified gap and starting redo apply, query the V$ARCHIVE_GAP fixed view again
-- on the physical standby database to determine the next gap sequence, if there is
-- one.

select * from v$archive_gap;

-- Non-default init parameters.

set numwidth 5
column name format a30 tru
column value format a50 wra
select name, value
from v$parameter
where isdefault = 'FALSE';

spool off

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  Script ends here  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Overview
——–

This script is intended to provide an easy method to provide information
necessary to troubleshoot Data Guard issues.

Script Notes
————-

This script is intended to be run via sqlplus as the SYS or Internal user.

Script
——-

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Script begins here - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

-- NAME: dg_lsby_diag.sql  (Run on LOGICAL STANDBY)


set echo off
set feedback off
column timecol new_value timestamp
column spool_extension new_value suffix
select to_char(sysdate,'Mondd_hhmi') timecol,
'.out' spool_extension from sys.dual;
column output new_value dbname
select value || '_' output
from v$parameter where name = 'db_name';
spool dg_lsby_diag_&&dbname&&timestamp&&suffix

set linesize 79
set pagesize 180
set long 1000
set trim on
set trims on
alter session set nls_date_format = 'MM/DD HH24:MI:SS';
set feedback on
select to_char(sysdate) time from dual;

set echo on

-- The following select will give us the generic information about how
-- this standby is setup.  The database_role should be logical standby as
-- that is what this script is intended to be ran on.

column ROLE format a7 tru
column NAME format a8 wrap
select name,database_role,log_mode,protection_mode
from v$database;

-- ARCHIVER can be (STOPPED | STARTED | FAILED). FAILED means that the
-- archiver failed to archive a log last time, but will try again within 5
-- minutes. LOG_SWITCH_WAIT The ARCHIVE LOG/CLEAR LOG/CHECKPOINT event log
-- switching is waiting for. Note that if ALTER SYSTEM SWITCH LOGFILE is
-- hung, but there is room in the current online redo log, then value is
-- NULL

column host_name format a20 tru
column version format a9 tru
select instance_name,host_name,version,archiver,log_switch_wait
from v$instance;

-- The following query give us information about catpatch.
-- This way we can tell if the procedure doesn't match the image.

select version, modified, status from dba_registry
where comp_id = 'CATPROC';

-- Force logging and supplemental logging are not mandatory but are
-- recommended if you plan to switchover.  During normal operations it is
-- acceptable for SWITCHOVER_STATUS to be SESSIONS ACTIVE or NOT ALLOWED.

column force_logging format a13 tru
column remote_archive format a14 tru
column dataguard_broker format a16 tru

select force_logging,remote_archive,supplemental_log_data_pk,
supplemental_log_data_ui,switchover_status,dataguard_broker
from v$database;

-- This query produces a list of all archive destinations.  It shows if
-- they are enabled, what process is servicing that destination, if the
-- destination is local or remote, and if remote what the current mount ID
-- is.

column destination format a35 wrap
column process format a7
column archiver format a8
column ID format 99
column mid format 99

select dest_id "ID",destination,status,target,
schedule,process,mountid  mid
from v$archive_dest order by dest_id;

-- This select will give further detail on the destinations as to what
-- options have been set.  Register indicates whether or not the archived
-- redo log is registered in the remote destination control file.

set numwidth 8
column ID format 99

select dest_id "ID",archiver,transmit_mode,affirm,async_blocks async,
net_timeout net_time,delay_mins delay,reopen_secs reopen,
register,binding
from v$archive_dest order by dest_id;

-- Determine if any error conditions have been reached by querying the
-- v$dataguard_status view (view only available in 9.2.0 and above):

column message format a80

select message, timestamp
from v$dataguard_status
where severity in ('Error','Fatal')
order by timestamp;

-- Query v$managed_standby to see the status of processes involved in
-- the shipping redo on this system.  Does not include processes needed to
-- apply redo.

select process,status,client_process,sequence#
from v$managed_standby;

-- Verify that log apply services on the standby are currently
-- running. If the query against V$LOGSTDBY returns no rows then logical
-- apply is not running.

column status format a50 wrap
column type format a11
set numwidth 15

SELECT TYPE, STATUS, HIGH_SCN
FROM V$LOGSTDBY;

-- The DBA_LOGSTDBY_PROGRESS view describes the progress of SQL apply
-- operations on the logical standby databases.  The APPLIED_SCN indicates
-- that committed transactions at or below that SCN have been applied. The
-- NEWEST_SCN is the maximum SCN to which data could be applied if no more
-- logs were received. This is usually the MAX(NEXT_CHANGE#)-1 from
-- DBA_LOGSTDBY_LOG.  When the value of NEWEST_SCN and APPLIED_SCN are the
-- equal then all available changes have been applied.  If your
-- APPLIED_SCN is below NEWEST_SCN and is increasing then SQL apply is
-- currently processing changes.

set numwidth 15

select
(case
when newest_scn = applied_scn then 'Done'
when newest_scn <= applied_scn + 9 then 'Done?'
when newest_scn > (select max(next_change#) from dba_logstdby_log)
then 'Near done'
when (select count(*) from dba_logstdby_log
where (next_change#, thread#) not in
(select first_change#, thread# from dba_logstdby_log)) > 1
then 'Gap'
when newest_scn > applied_scn then 'Not Done'
else '---' end) "Fin?",
newest_scn, applied_scn, read_scn from dba_logstdby_progress;

select newest_time, applied_time, read_time from dba_logstdby_progress;

-- Determine if apply is lagging behind and by how much.  Missing
-- sequence#'s in a range indicate that a gap exists.

set numwidth 15
column trd format 99

select thread# trd, sequence#,
first_change#, next_change#,
dict_begin beg, dict_end end,
to_char(timestamp, 'hh:mi:ss') timestamp,
(case when l.next_change# < p.read_scn then 'YES'
when l.first_change# < p.applied_scn then 'CURRENT'
else 'NO' end) applied
from dba_logstdby_log l, dba_logstdby_progress p
order by thread#, first_change#;

-- Get a history on logical standby apply activity.

set numwidth 15

select to_char(event_time, 'MM/DD HH24:MI:SS') time,
commit_scn, current_scn, event, status
from dba_logstdby_events
order by event_time, commit_scn, current_scn;

-- Dump logical standby stats

column name format a40
column value format a20

select * from v$logstdby_stats;

-- Dump logical standby parameters

column name format a33 wrap
column value format a33 wrap
column type format 99

select name, value, type from system.logstdby$parameters
order by type, name;

-- Gather log miner session and dictionary information.

set numwidth 15

select * from system.logmnr_session$;
select * from system.logmnr_dictionary$;
select * from system.logmnr_dictstate$;
select * from v$logmnr_session;

-- Query the log miner dictionary for key tables necessary to process
-- changes for logical standby Label security will move AUD$ from SYS to
-- SYSTEM.  A synonym will remain in SYS but Logical Standby does not
-- support this.

set numwidth 5
column name format a9 wrap
column owner format a6 wrap

select o.logmnr_uid, o.obj#, o.objv#, u.name owner, o.name
from system.logmnr_obj$ o, system.logmnr_user$ u
where
o.logmnr_uid = u.logmnr_uid and
o.owner# = u.user# and
o.name in ('JOB$','JOBSEQ','SEQ$','AUD$',
'FGA_LOG$','IND$','COL$','LOGSTDBY$PARAMETER')
order by u.name;

-- Non-default init parameters.

column name format a30 tru
column value format a48 wra
select name, value
from v$parameter
where isdefault = 'FALSE';

spool off

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  Script ends here  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

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