8i查询DBA_FREE_SPACE视图极慢的问题

还是那套古老的8.1.7.4,在该系统上检查表空间使用情况的SQL运行缓慢,其SQL如下:

SELECT D.TABLESPACE_NAME,
       SPACE "SUM_SPACE(M)",
       SPACE - NVL(FREE_SPACE, 0) "USED_SPACE(M)",
       ROUND((1 - NVL(FREE_SPACE, 0) / SPACE) * 100, 2) "USED_RATE(%)",
       FREE_SPACE "FREE_SPACE(M)"
  FROM (SELECT TABLESPACE_NAME, ROUND(SUM(BYTES) / (1024 * 1024), 2) SPACE
          FROM DBA_DATA_FILES
         GROUP BY TABLESPACE_NAME) D,
       (SELECT TABLESPACE_NAME,
               ROUND(SUM(BYTES) / (1024 * 1024), 2) FREE_SPACE
          FROM DBA_FREE_SPACE
         GROUP BY TABLESPACE_NAME) F
 where d.tablespace_name = f.tablespace_name(+)
 order by "USED_RATE(%)" desc;
/*很面熟的DBA常用脚本吧?*/

经确认其中对DBA_FREE_SPACE视图的查询耗费了大量时间,8i中该视图的默认定义是:

select ts.name,
       fi.file#,
       f.block#,
       f.length * ts.blocksize,
       f.length,
       f.file#
  from sys.ts$ ts, sys.fet$ f, sys.file$ fi
 where ts.ts# = f.ts#
   and f.ts# = fi.ts#
   and f.file# = fi.relfile#
   and ts.bitmapped = 0
/*以上查询DMT表空间上的FREE EXTENT*/
union all
/*以下查询LMT表空间上的FREE EXTENT*/
select /*+ ordered use_nl(f) use_nl(fi) */
 ts.name,
 fi.file#,
 f.ktfbfebno,
 f.ktfbfeblks * ts.blocksize,
 f.ktfbfeblks,
 f.ktfbfefno
  from sys.ts$ ts, sys.x$ktfbfe f, sys.file$ fi
 where ts.ts# = f.ktfbfetsn
   and f.ktfbfetsn = fi.ts#
   and f.ktfbfefno = fi.relfile#
   and ts.bitmapped <> 0
   and ts.online$ in (1, 4)
   and ts.contents$ = 0

/*也许你感到奇怪,实际上8i中就有了本地管理模式的表空间了,只是很少有人用。("In Oracle 8i the EXTENT MANAGEMENT clause was introduced into the CREATE TABLESPACE statement allowing extent management to be LOCAL or DICTIONARY. Locally Manages Tablespaces (LMT) have a bitmap of the blocks, or groups of blocks, they contain allowing them to track extent allocation without reference to the data dictionary.")*/

/*因字典管理模式下FET$基表往往较大,导致UNION ALL以上部分在连接操作时会产生大量的逻辑读,最终导致了对DBA_FREE_SPACE视图的查询十分缓慢。*/

Oracle 提供了官方的视图并不意味着我们非它不可用,可以通过修改DBA_FREE_SPACE的定义,或另建一个具有相同功能但查询SQL构造不同的视图来加快查询速度:

explain plan for
select /*+use_hash (tsfi, fet2 ) */
tsfi.tablespace_name,
tsfi.file_id,
fet2.block_id,
tsfi.blocksize * fet2.blocks,
fet2.blocks,
tsfi.relfile#
from (select /*+ use_hash ( ts, fi ) */
ts.name      tablespace_name,
fi.file#     file_id,
ts.BLOCKSIZE,
fi.relfile#,
ts.ts#
from sys.ts$ ts, sys.file$ fi
where ts.ts# = fi.ts#
and ts.online$ in (1, 4)) tsfi,
(select f.block# block_id, f.length blocks, f.file# file_id, f.ts#
from sys.fet$ f
union all
select f.ktfbfebno  block_id,
f.ktfbfeblks blocks,
f.ktfbfefno,
ktfbfetsn
from sys.x$ktfbfe f) fet2
where fet2.file_id = tsfi.relfile#
and fet2.ts# = tsfi.ts# /*此查询需SYSDBA权限*/ ;
Explained
select * from  table(dbms_xplan.display);
PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 717737944
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation            | Name     | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT     |          |    20 |  1560 |     9  (12)| 00:00:01 |
|*  1 |  HASH JOIN           |          |    20 |  1560 |     9  (12)| 00:00:01 |
|*  2 |   HASH JOIN          |          |     4 |   104 |     6  (17)| 00:00:01 |
|   3 |    TABLE ACCESS FULL | FILE$    |     4 |    36 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|*  4 |    TABLE ACCESS FULL | TS$      |     5 |    85 |     3   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   5 |   VIEW               |          |   101 |  5252 |     3   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   6 |    UNION-ALL         |          |       |       |            |          |
|   7 |     TABLE ACCESS FULL| FET$     |     1 |    52 |     3   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   8 |     FIXED TABLE FULL | X$KTFBFE |   100 |  5200 |     0   (0)| 00:00:01 |
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Predicate Information (identified by operation id):
---------------------------------------------------
1 - access("FET2"."FILE_ID"="FI"."RELFILE#" AND
"FET2"."TS#"="TS"."TS#")
2 - access("TS"."TS#"="FI"."TS#")
4 - filter("TS"."ONLINE$"=1 OR "TS"."ONLINE$"=4)
/*改写后可以大幅减少逻辑读从而提高性能*/
/*可以建立DBA_FREE_SPACE功能相同的替代品,并代入到表空间使用率的脚本中*/
CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW DBA_FREE_SPACE_NEW (
TABLESPACE_NAME,
FILE_ID,
BLOCK_ID,
BYTES,
BLOCKS,
RELATIVE_FNO
) AS
select /*+use_hash (tsfi, fet2 ) */
tsfi.tablespace_name,
tsfi.file_id,
fet2.block_id,
tsfi.blocksize * fet2.blocks,
fet2.blocks,
tsfi.relfile#
from (select /*+ use_hash ( ts, fi ) */
ts.name      tablespace_name,
fi.file#     file_id,
ts.BLOCKSIZE,
fi.relfile#,
ts.ts#
from sys.ts$ ts, sys.file$ fi
where ts.ts# = fi.ts#
and ts.online$ in (1, 4)) tsfi,
(select f.block# block_id, f.length blocks, f.file# file_id, f.ts#
from sys.fet$ f
union all
select f.ktfbfebno  block_id,
f.ktfbfeblks blocks,
f.ktfbfefno,
ktfbfetsn
from sys.x$ktfbfe f) fet2
where fet2.file_id = tsfi.relfile#
and fet2.ts# = tsfi.ts#  /*建此视图需SYSDBA权限*/ ;

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