快速部署RDA Remote Diagnostic Agent

RDA Remote Diagnostic Agent远程诊断代理是Oracle Support售后服务使用的标准工具之一,当用户在Metalink上提交SR(TAR)时可能Oracle GCS(Global Customer Service)支持会需要让用户从MOS上下载RDA工具,通过RDA收集丰富的数据库环境信息(如包含OS、DB、CRS等),以便原厂售后直接从RDA report中抓取诊断信息,避免了因诊断信息不足 而反复信息交互所浪费的时间 ; 此外Oracle的一些ACS高级客户服务的现场服务过程中也会利用到RDA,例如当用户要求ACS到现场进行月度或季度巡检是RDA就是标准的检查工具。

 

说了这么多, 你可能还是不太了解RDA。 这不要紧,你可以把RDA看成一套由oracle定义了很多模块的脚本工具盒, 用它可以收集到诊断过程复杂的Oracle产品问题的各种信息。  可以从My Oracle Support(metalink)的《Remote Diagnostic Agent (RDA) 4 – Getting Started [ID 314422.1]》专栏中下载到各个平台的最新版RDA。

 

 

虽然RDA是Oracle Support使用的工具 , 但是并不是说非原厂售后就看不懂RDA也不能利用到这款工具。  RDA从脚本、模块到最后生成的报告都是自然可读的。   譬如Maclean.Liu 我 在诊断较复杂的问题过程中也会用到RDA, 我甚至推荐在数据库巡检、健康检查过程中也使用RDA, 当然是配合其他工具一起使用。

 

在使用RDA之前我们需要完成配置工作,所谓配置就是选择我们要使用的RDA module和一些临时设置,先来认识一下有哪些module:

 

将下载到的rda zip包解压
[oracle@vrh8 ~]$ unzip /tmp/p9079828_418_LINUX.zip 
[oracle@vrh8 ~]$ cd rda
[oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -h
Usage: rda.pl [-bcdflntvwxy] [-ABCDEHIKLMPQRSTV] [-e list] [-m dir]
[-s name] [-o out] [-p prof] arg ...
-A      Authentify user through the setup file
-B      Start background collection
-C      Collect diagnostic information
-D      Delete specified modules from the setup
-E      Explain specified error numbers
-H      Halt background collection
-I      Regenerate the index
-K      Kill background collection
-L      List the modules available
-M      Display the related manual pages
-O      Render output specifications from STDIN
-P      Package the reports (tar or zip)
-Q      Display the related setup questions
-R      Generate specified reports
-S      Setup specified modules
-T      Execute test modules
-V      Display component version numbers
-b      Don't backup setup file before saving
-c      Check the RDA installation and exit
-d      Set debug mode
-e list Specify a list of alternate setting definitions (var=val,...)
-f      Set force mode
-h      Display the command usage and exit
-l      Use a lock file to prevent concurrent usage of a setup file
-m dir  Specify the module directory ('modules' by default)
-n      Start a new data collection
-o out  Specify the file for background collection output redirection
-p prof Specify the setup profile ('Default' by default)
-q      Set quiet mode
-s name Specify the setup name ('setup' by default)
-t      Set trace mode
-v      Set verbose mode
-w      Wait as long as the background collection daemon is active
-x      Produce module cross reference
-y      Accept all defaults and skip all pauses
列出所有可用module
[oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -L Module
Available data collection modules are:
ACFS     Collects ASM Cluster File System Information
ACT      Collects Oracle E-Business Suite Application Information
ADBA     Collects ACS Oracle Database Assessment
ADX      Collects AutoConfig and Rapid Clone Information
AGT      Collects Enterprise Manager Agent Information
APEX     Collects APEX Information
ASAP     Collects Oracle Communications ASAP Information
ASBR     Collects Application Server Backup and Recovery Information
ASG      Collects Application Server Guard Information
ASIT     Collects Oracle Application Server Installation Information
ASM      Collects Automatic Storage Management Information
B2B      Collects Oracle Business to Business Information
BAM      Collects Business Activity Monitoring Information
BEE      Collects Beehive Information
BI       Collects Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition Info.
BPEL     Collects Oracle BPEL Process Manager Information
BR       Collects Database Backup and Recovery Information
BRM      Collects Oracle Communications BRM Information
CCR      Collects OCM Diagnostic Information
CFG      Collects Key Configuration Information
COHR     Collects Oracle Coherence Information
CONT     Collects Oracle Content Services Information
CRID     Collects Oracle Access Manager (COREid) Information
D2PC     Collects Distributed Transaction Information
DB       Controls RDBMS Data Collection
DBA      Collects RDBMS Information
DBC      Collects Database Control Information
DBM      Collects RDBMS Memory Information
DEV      Collects Oracle Developer Information
DG       Collects Data Guard Information
DNFS     Collects Direct NFS Information
DSCS     Collects Discussions Information
DSCV     Collects Oracle Discoverer Information
ECM      Controls Oracle Enterprise Content Management 11g Data Collection
EM       Collects Enterprise Manager OMS and Repository Info (Obsolete)
END      Finalizes the Data Collection
EPMA     Collects Enterprise Performance Management Architect Information
ESB      Collects Enterprise Service Bus Information
ESS      Collects Oracle Essbase Information
ESSO     Collects Oracle Enterprise Single Sign-On Information
EXA      Collects Exadata Information
FLTR     Controls Report Content Filtering
GRDN     Collects Oracle Guardian Information
GRID     Controls Grid Control Data Collection
GTW      Collects Transparent/Procedural Gateway Information
HFM      Collects Oracle Hyperion Financial Management information
HPL      Collects Oracle Hyperion Planning Information
IA       Collects Intelligent Agent Information
IAS      Collects Web Server Information
IFS      Collects iFS (iFS, CMSDK, Files) Information
INI      Initializes the Data Collection
INST     Collects the Oracle Installation Information
IPSA     Collects Oracle Communications IP Service Activator Information
J2EE     Collects J2EE/OC4J Information
JDBC     Collects Oracle Java DB Connectivity (JDBC) Information
JDEV     Collects Oracle JDeveloper Information
JIVE     Collects Jive Information
LANG     Collects Oracle Language Information
LOAD     Produces the External Collection Reports
LOG      Collects Database Trace and Log Files
MAIL     Collects Oracle Collaboration Suite Mail Information
MSLG     Collects Microsoft Languages Information
ND       Collects Oracle Communications Network Discovery Information
NET      Collects Network Information
NM       Collects Oracle Communications Network Mediation Information
NPRF     Samples Performance Information (root not required)
OCAL     Collects Oracle Calendar Information
OCFS     Collects Oracle Cluster File System Information
OCM      Setting up Configuration Manager Interface
OCS      Controls Oracle Collaboration Suite Data Collection
ODI      Collects Oracle Data Integrator Information
ODM      Collects Oracle Data Mining Information
OES      Collects Oracle Express Server Information
OID      Collects Oracle Internet Directory Information
OIM      Collects Oracle Identity Manager Information
OLAP     Collects OLAP Information
OMM      Collects Oracle Multimedia or Oracle interMedia Information
OMS      Collects Oracle Management Server Information (obsolete)
ONET     Collects Oracle Net Information
OS       Collects the Operating System Information
OVD      Collects Oracle Virtual Directory Information
OVMM     Collects Oracle VM Manager Information
OVMS     Collects Oracle VM Server Information
OWB      Collects Oracle Warehouse Builder Information
OWSM     Collects Oracle Web Services Manager Information
PDA      Collects Oracle Portal Information
PDBA     Collects PeopleSoft Information from an Oracle Database
PERF     Collects Performance Information
PLNC     Collects Oracle PL/SQL Native Compilation Information
PROF     Collects the User Profile
PS       Collects Oracle Communications Policy Services Information
PWEB     Collects PeopleSoft Information from Web Application Server
RAC      Collects Cluster Information
RACD     Performs a Database Hang Analysis
RDSP     Produces the Remote Data Collection Reports
RET      Collects Oracle Retail Information
REXE     Performs the Remote Data Collections
RPRF     Samples Performance Information (root privileges required)
RSRC     Collects Database Resource Manager Information
RTC      Collects Real Time Communication Information
SEBL     Collects Siebel Information
SES      Collects Oracle Secure Enterprise Search Information
SMPL     Controls Sampling
SOA      Collects Oracle SOA Suite Information
SP       Collects SQL*Plus/iSQL*Plus Information
SSO      Collects Single Sign-On Information
STC      Collects Streams Configuration Information
STM      Collects Streams Monitoring Information
TOPL     Collects Oracle TopLink Information
TTEN     Collects Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Information
UCM      Collects Oracle Universal Content Management Information
UOA      Collects Oracle Universal Online Archive 11g Information
WAC      Collects Web Access Client Information
WCI      Collects Oracle WebCenter Information
WEBC     Collects Oracle Web Cache Information
WKSP     Collects Workspaces Information
WLS      Collects Oracle WebLogic Server Information
WMC      Collects Webmail Client Information
WRLS     Collects Wireless Information
XDB      Collects XDB Information
XSMP     Samples User Defined Data
XTRA     Collects User Defined Data

 

 

如以上列表中RAC模块用来Collects Cluster Information收集集群信息, 而RACD模块则负责收集RAC数据库挂起的相关信息Performs a Database Hang Analysis。

 

我们在配置RDA的时可以直接执行./rda.sh, 脚本会提示我们需要选择启用哪些Module,但是因为Module过多,整个配置过程就会浪费很多时间。

 

为了避免每配置一套新环境都要大费周章确认那么多模块, 所以在RDA中定义了很多典型场景使用的profile, 这些profile已经配好了固定的一些Module , 下面我们来看一下RDA profile:

 

 

列出所有目前可用的profile
[oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -L profiles
Available profiles are:
9iAS               Oracle Application Server 9i problems
AS10g              Oracle Application Server 10g problems
AS10g_Identity     Oracle Identity Management 10g problems
AS10g_MidTier      Oracle Application Server 10g Middle Tier problems
AS10g_Repository   Oracle Application Server 10g metadata repository problems
AS10g_WebTier      Oracle Application Server 10g WebTier problems
AS_BackupRecovery  Oracle Application Server backup/recovery problems
Act                Oracle Application Overview
AppsCheck          Equivalent to AppsCheck
AsmFileSystem      Oracle ASM Cluster File System problems
Bam                Business Activity Monitoring problems
Beehive            Oracle Beehive problems
DB10g              Oracle Database 10g problems
DB11g              Oracle Database 11g problems
DB8i               Oracle Database 8i problems
DB9i               Oracle Database 9i problems
DB_Assessment      Oracle Database assessment collections
DB_BackupRecovery  Oracle Database backup and recovery problems
DB_Perf            Oracle Database performance problems
DataGuard          Data Guard problems
DirectNFS          Direct NFS problems
Discoverer10g      Oracle Discoverer 10g problems
Discoverer11g      Oracle Discoverer 11g problems
EnterpriseSearch   Oracle Secure Enterprise Search problems
Essbase            Oracle Essbase problems
FM11g_Bi           Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition 11g problems
FM11g_Ecm          Oracle Enterprise Content Management 11g problems
FM11g_Forms        Oracle Forms 11g problems
FM11g_Identity     Oracle Identity Management 11g problems
FM11g_Odi          Oracle Data Integrator Standalone 11g problems
FM11g_Portal       Oracle Portal 11g problems
FM11g_Reports      Oracle Reports 11g problems
FM11g_Soa          Oracle SOA Suite 11g problems
FM11g_WebTier      Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g Web Tier problems
FM11g_WlsBi        Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition 11g with WLS
FM11g_WlsForms     Oracle Forms 11g with WLS problems
FM11g_WlsIdentity  Oracle Identity Management 11g with WLS problems
FM11g_WlsOdi       Oracle Data Integrator Suite 11g with WLS problems
FM11g_WlsPortal    Oracle Portal 11g with WLS problems
FM11g_WlsReports   Oracle Reports 11g with WLS problems
FM11g_WlsWebTier   Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g Web Tier with WLS problems
FinManagement      Oracle Hyperion Financial Management problems
GridControl        Grid Control problems
InterMedia         Oracle interMedia problems
Linux              Linux problems
LinuxPerf          Linux performance problems
Maa_Assessment     Maximum Availability Architecture assessment collections
Multimedia         Oracle Multimedia problems
OSMonitor          Operating System performance sampling
OVMManager         Oracle VM Manager problems
Pda10g             Portal 10g problems
Pda11g             Portal 11g problems
Pda9i              Portal 9i problems
PeopleSoft_DB      PeopleSoft Oracle Database tier assessment collections
PeopleSoft_Web     PeopleSoft Web application server assessment collections
Rac                Real Application Cluster problems
Rac_AdvancedAsm    Cluster with ASM problems (ASM advanced mode)
Rac_Asm            Cluster with ASM problems
Rac_Assessment     Real Application Cluster assessment collections
Rac_Perf           Cluster performance problems
Retail             Oracle Retail problems
Security           Filter sensitive information from the reports
SupportInformer70  Oracle Communication BRM 7.0 problems
SupportInformer72  Oracle Communication BRM 7.2 problems
SupportInformer73  Oracle Communication BRM 7.3 problems
SupportInformer74  Oracle Communication BRM 7.4 problems
TimesTen           Oracle TimesTen problems
TopLink10g         Oracle TopLink 10g problems
WebCenter10g       Oracle WebCenter 10g problems
WebCenter11g       Oracle WebCenter 11g problems
WebCenterCont10g   Oracle WebCenter 10g with Oracle Content Services problems
WebLogicServer     Oracle WebLogic Server problems

 

 

上例列出了该版本RDA默认就有的Profile , 如DB11g这个profile是用来收集11g Database数据库的诊断信息的, 而DB10g 是收集10g Database诊断信息的, DB_Perf是收集数据库性能诊断信息的。

可以具体了解 这些profile 预设了哪些Module:

 

 

[oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -M -p DB11g
NAME
    Profile DB11g - Oracle Database 11g problems
MODULES
    The DB11g profile uses the following modules:
      OS        Collects the Operating System Information
      PROF      Collects the User Profile
      PERF      Collects Performance Information
      NET       Collects Network Information
      ONET      Collects Oracle Net Information
      INST      Collects the Oracle Installation Information
      DB        Controls RDBMS Data Collection
      DBA       Collects RDBMS Information
      DBM       Collects RDBMS Memory Information
      LOG       Collects Database Trace and Log Files
      DNFS      Collects Direct NFS Information
      SP        Collects SQL*Plus/iSQL*Plus Information
      GRID      Controls Grid Control Data Collection
      AGT       Collects Enterprise Manager Agent Information
      DBC       Collects Database Control Information
[oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -M -p DB10g
NAME
Profile DB10g - Oracle Database 10g problems
MODULES
The DB10g profile uses the following modules:
OS        Collects the Operating System Information
PROF      Collects the User Profile
PERF      Collects Performance Information
NET       Collects Network Information
ONET      Collects Oracle Net Information
INST      Collects the Oracle Installation Information
DB        Controls RDBMS Data Collection
DBA       Collects RDBMS Information
DBM       Collects RDBMS Memory Information
LOG       Collects Database Trace and Log Files
SP        Collects SQL*Plus/iSQL*Plus Information
GRID      Controls Grid Control Data Collection
AGT       Collects Enterprise Manager Agent Information
DBC       Collects Database Control Information

 

 

除了module之外profile可能还定义了一些临时变量如force_onet_tests 是否强制做oracle net网络测试等, 可以用-f( Set force mode)选项来列出这些temporary settings:

 

 

[oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -fM -p DB10g
NAME
Profile DB10g - Oracle Database 10g problems
MODULES
The DB10g profile uses the following modules:
OS        Collects the Operating System Information
PROF      Collects the User Profile
PERF      Collects Performance Information
NET       Collects Network Information
ONET      Collects Oracle Net Information
INST      Collects the Oracle Installation Information
DB        Controls RDBMS Data Collection
DBA       Collects RDBMS Information
DBM       Collects RDBMS Memory Information
LOG       Collects Database Trace and Log Files
SP        Collects SQL*Plus/iSQL*Plus Information
GRID      Controls Grid Control Data Collection
AGT       Collects Enterprise Manager Agent Information
DBC       Collects Database Control Information
SETTINGS
The DB10g profile sets the following temporary settings:
force_db_tests=1
force_dba_tests=1
force_dbm_tests=1
force_log_tests=1
force_onet_tests=1

 

 

也可以列出全部预定义的profile的Module信息:

 

 

[oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -xv profiles
Treating profiles ...
Profile Cross Reference
Defined Profiles:
9iAS               S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S120NET, S130INST, S300IAS,
S305ASBR, S306ASG, S310J2EE, S330SSO, S340OID, S350WEBC
AS10g              S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S120NET, S130INST, S300IAS,
S305ASBR, S306ASG, S310J2EE, S330SSO, S340OID, S350WEBC
AS10g_Identity     S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S120NET, S130INST, S300IAS,
S305ASBR, S306ASG, S310J2EE, S330SSO, S340OID, S342OVD
AS10g_MidTier      S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S120NET, S130INST, S249WRLS,
S290DEV, S300IAS, S310J2EE, S325PDA, S350WEBC, S390DSCV
AS10g_Repository   S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S120NET, S130INST, S300IAS,
S305ASBR, S306ASG, S310J2EE
AS10g_WebTier      S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S120NET, S130INST, S300IAS,
S310J2EE, S350WEBC, S410GRID
AS_BackupRecovery  S100OS, S300IAS, S305ASBR
Act                S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S130INST, S500ACT
AppsCheck          S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S130INST, S500ACT
AsmFileSystem      S100OS, S105PROF, S120NET, S122ONET, S130INST, S402ASM,
S403ACFS
Bam                S100OS, S105PROF, S110PERF, S120NET, S374BAM
..........

 

 

 

使用-Q 选项可以更详细地列出profile相关的问题:

 

 

[oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -Q -p DB11g
NAME
S120NET - Collects Network Information
SETTING DESCRIPTION
NETWORK_PING_TESTS
"Do you want RDA to perform the network ping tests (Y/N)?"
LOCAL_NODE
"Enter the name of the node the script is running on (used for ping
tests)"
WAN_NODE
"Enter a remote node connecting to this server (used for ping tests)"
RDBMS_NODE
"Enter the node hosting the database instance (used for ping tests)"
WEB_NODE
"Enter the node where the Web Server/Forms server is on (used for ping
tests)"
...............

 

 

通过继承profile的定义可以快速配置RDA,例如我们尝试使用DB11g这个profile:

 

 

[oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -S -p DB11g
使用profile后RDA问你的问题明显减少了哦
之后在运行rda.sh就会收集信息了
[oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
RDA Data Collection Started 06-Feb-2012 01:23:22
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Processing Initialization module ...
Enter the password for 'SYSTEM':
Please re-enter it to confirm:
Processing OCM module ...
Processing PERF module ...
Processing CFG module ...
Processing OS module ..

 

 

可能你还是觉得麻烦:”我使用oracle操作系统用户登录的,为啥每次还要输密码呢?直接sysdba不行吗?” 对于有些内部视图X$ View的查询也确实需要sysdba权限, 我们可以如下设置来使用sysdba身份:

 

[oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DB11g
[oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
RDA Data Collection Started 06-Feb-2012 01:27:37
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Processing Initialization module ...
Processing OCM module ...
Processing PERF module ...
Processing CFG module ...
Processing OS module ...

 

 

除了单独使用某个profile外,我们还可以组合使用多个profile,使用-p profile1-profile2这样的语法即可,如:

 

[oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DB11g-DataGuard
使用-p profile1-profile2这样的模式即可

 

 

RDA经过配置后会默认将配置信息写到其目录下的setup.cfg文件中,之后再使用rda.sh收集信息即会沿用该cfg文件:

 

 

cat setup.cfg
# Oracle Remote Diagnostic Agent - Setup Information
###############################################################################
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Data Collection Overview
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# S000INI=pending
# S010CFG=pending
# S020SMPL=pending
# S090OCM=pending
# S100OS=pending
# S105PROF=pending
# S110PERF=pending
# S120NET=pending
# S122ONET=pending
# S130INST=pending
# S200DB=skip
# S201DBA=pending
# S203DBM=pending
# S204LOG=pending
# S205BR=pending
# S212DNFS=skip
# S213SP=skip
# S400RAC=pending
# S400RACD=skip
# S401OCFS=skip
# S405DG=pending
# S410GRID=skip
# S420AGT=skip
# S430DBC=skip
# S909RDSP=skip
# S919LOAD=pending
# S990FLTR=skip
www.askmaclean.com
www.askmaclean.com
# S999END=pending
.................

 

 

除了最常见的DB11g 、 DB10g外还有一些很有用的profile可以加速我们对问题的诊断, 在这里分享一下:

 

 

For 11g
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DB11g
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1 -p DB11g
--收集alert文本
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1,DBCONTROL_SERVER_IN_USE=1 -p DB11g
--收集DBcontrol信息
./rda.sh -vSCRPfy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1 -p DB11g
--收集诊断信息并打包
DB10g 
./rda.sh -S -p DB10g
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DB10g
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,DBCONTROL_SERVER_IN_USE=1 -p DB10g
DB9i
./rda.sh -S -p DB9i
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DB9i
DB_BackupRecovery 收集备份恢复信息
./rda.sh -S -p DB_BackupRecovery
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,RMAN_IN_USE=0 -p DB_BackupRecovery
--不使用RMAN备份
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,RMAN_IN_USE=1,RMAN_CATALOG=0 -p DB_BackupRecovery
--使用RMAN但不使用CATALOG恢复目录
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,RMAN_IN_USE=1,RMAN_CATALOG=1,RMAN_SCHEMA=rman,RMAN_EXPORT_USER=rman@catlogdb -p DB_BackupRecovery
DB_Perf 收集数据库性能信息
./rda.sh -S -p DB_Perf
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DB_Perf
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,PERF_START_TIME=11-Mar-2010_12:00,PERF_END_TIME=11-Mar-2010_13:00 -p DB_Perf
--指定收集性能信息的时间段 
DataGuard 收集dg 信息
./rda.sh -S -p DataGuard
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DataGuard
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ONET_IN_USE=1,ALERT_TEXT=1 -p DataGuard
--同时也收集Oracle Net Services信息
RAC 收集Real Application Cluster CRS信息
./rda.sh -S -p Rac
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p Rac
RAC ASM   收集 Rac + Clusterware + Asm 信息
./rda.sh -S -p Rac_Asm
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ASM_ORACLE_SID=+ASM1 -p Rac_Asm
Rac_AdvancedAsm 收集更详细的Rac + Clusterware + Asm 信息
./rda.sh -S -p Rac_AdvancedAsm
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ASM_ORACLE_SID=+ASM1 -p Rac_AdvancedAsm
Rac_Perf  收集RAC数据库性能信息
./rda.sh -S -p Rac_Perf
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p Rac_Perf
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,PERF_START_TIME=11-Mar-2010_12:00,PERF_END_TIME=11-Mar-2010_13:00 -p Rac_Perf
DirectNFS 
./rda.sh -S -p DirectNFS
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p DirectNFS
AsmFileSystem
./rda.sh -S -p AsmFileSystem
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p AsmFileSystem
DB_Assessment 
./rda.sh -S -p Rac_Assessment
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p Rac_Assessment
Rac_Assessment
./rda.sh -S -p Rac_Assessment
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p Rac_Assessment
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ASM_ORACLE_SID=+ASM1 -p Rac_Assessment
Maa_Assessment
./rda.sh -S -p Maa_Assessment
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/ -p Maa_Assessment
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ASM_ORACLE_SID=+ASM1 -p Maa_Assessment
Exadata_Assessment
./rda.sh -S -p Exadata_Assessment
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1 -p Exadata_Assessment
./rda.sh -vSCRPfy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1,EXA_COLLECT_CELL=0 -p Exadata_Assessment
./rda.sh -vSCRPfy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1 -p Exadata_Assessment
Maa_Exa_Assessment
./rda.sh -S -p Maa_Exa_Assessment
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1 -p Maa_Exa_Assessment
./rda.sh -Sy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1,EXA_COLLECT_CELL=0 -p Maa_Exa_Assessment
./rda.sh -vSCRPfy -e SQL_SYSDBA=1,SQL_LOGIN=/,ALERT_TEXT=1 -p Maa_Exa_Assessment

 

 

 

还可以利用rda对OS做数据库软件安装前的预检查,如将需要安装11.2g,则执行 ./rda.sh -T hcve:

 

 

[oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -T hcve
Processing HCVE tests ...
Available Pre-Installation Rule Sets:
1. Oracle Database 10g R1 (10.1.0) Preinstall (Linux-x86)
2. Oracle Database 10g R1 (10.1.0) Preinstall (Linux AMD64)
3. Oracle Database 10g R1 (10.1.0) Preinstall (IA-64 Linux)
4. Oracle Database 10g R2 (10.2.0) Preinstall (Linux AMD64)
5. Oracle Database 10g R2 (10.2.0) Preinstall (IA-64 Linux)
6. Oracle Database 10g R2 (10.2.0) Preinstall (Linux-x86)
7. Oracle Database 11g R1 (11.1.0) Preinstall (Linux AMD64)
8. Oracle Database 11g R1 (11.1.0) Preinstall (Linux-x86)
9. Oracle Database 11g R2 (11.2.0) Preinstall (Linux-x86)
ID     NAME                 RESULT  VALUE
====== ==================== ======= ==========================================
A00010 OS Certified?        PASSED  Adequate
A00050 Enter ORACLE_HOME    RECORD  /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1
A00060 ORACLE_HOME Valid?   PASSED  OHexists
A00070 O_H Permissions OK?  PASSED  CorrectPerms
A00080 oraInventory Permiss PASSED  oraInventoryOK
A00090 Got ld,nm,ar,make?   PASSED  ld_nm_ar_make_found
A00100 Umask Set to 022?    PASSED  UmaskOK
A00120 Limit Processes      PASSED  Adequate
A00130 Limit Descriptors    PASSED  Adequate
A00140 LDLIBRARYPATH Unset? PASSED  UnSet
A00180 JAVA_HOME Unset?     PASSED  UnSet
A00190 Enter JDK Home       RECORD
A00200 JDK Version          FAILED  JDK home is missing
A00210 Other O_Hs in PATH?  FAILED  OratabEntryInPath
A00220 Other OUI Up?        PASSED  NoOtherOUI
A00230 /tmp Adequate?       PASSED  TempSpaceOK
A00240 Disk Space OK?       PASSED  DiskSpaceOK
A00250 Swap (in MB)         RECORD  5951
A00260 RAM (in MB)          PASSED  3955
A00270 Swap OK?             PASSED  SwapToRAMOK
A00280 Network              PASSED  Connected
A00290 IP Address           RECORD  192.168.1.191
A00300 Domain Name          RECORD  oracle.com
A00310 DNS Lookup           FAILED  nslookup host.domain
A00320 /etc/hosts Format    FAILED  Missing host.domain
A00330 Kernel Parameters OK PASSED  KernelOK
A00380 Tainted Kernel?      PASSED  NotVerifiable
A00400 ip_local_port_range  PASSED  RangeOK
A00480 EL4 RPMs OK?         SKIPPED NotEL4
A00490 EL5 RPMs OK?         FAILED  [kernel-headers(i386)] not installed ..>
A00530 RHEL4 RPMs OK?       SKIPPED NotRedHat
A00540 RHEL5 RPMs OK?       SKIPPED NotRedHat
A00570 SUSE SLES10 RPMs OK? SKIPPED NotSuSE
A00580 SUSE SLES11 RPMs OK? SKIPPED NotSuSE
Result file: /home/oracle/rda/output/RDA_HCVE_A200DB11R2_lnx_res.htm

 

 

上例对OS做了Oracle Database 11g R2 (11.2.0) Preinstall的预安装检查 ,并给出了检查结果。

 

 

 

还可以使用./rda.sh命令对现有的RDA软件做完整性检测,保证RDA没有被修改过:

 

 

[oracle@vrh8 rda]$ ./rda.sh -cv
Loading the file list ...
Checking the directory '.' ...
Checking the directory 'RDA' ...
Checking the directory 'RDA/Handle' ...
Checking the directory 'RDA/Library' ...
Checking the directory 'RDA/Library/Remote' ...
Checking the directory 'RDA/Local' ...
Checking the directory 'RDA/Object' ...
Checking the directory 'RDA/Operator' ...
Checking the directory 'RDA/Value' ...
Checking the directory 'hcve' ...
Checking the directory 'modules' ...
No issues found

Comments

  1. MiloLuo says

    Hi, Maclean
    有了profile是确实是很方便,多谢提供的tips.

    rda分了很多平台的不同版本,但是,在运行时发现用aix的rda在linux上运行,好像信息也能取到。
    从个人感觉,很多东西rda都应该集成成一套东西,而不是分过多的平台,一来用着方便;二来代码复用性提高了,而现在rda中这种做法,显得的代码复用性太差了。

    Thanks,

  2. tony.xiong says

    perl本来就是分平台的 又不像java

  3. 我想在RDA中收集出AWR的信息,但是不知道在那里一个MODULE或PROFILES里,一直尝试都没有。想知道原厂在做季度巡检时都是rds.sh -S后面都是跟加哪些module或profiles呀!

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