利用RMAN检测数据库坏块的脚本

虽然我们也可以通过dbv(db file verify)工具做到对单个数据文件的坏块检测,但是直接使用RMAN的”backup validate check logical database;”结合V$DATABASE_BLOCK_CORRUPTION视图要方便地多。

如果自己搞不定可以找ASKMACLEAN专业ORACLE数据库修复团队成员帮您恢复!

Script:

1) $ rman target / nocatalog

2) RMAN> run {
allocate channel d1 type disk;
allocate channel d2 type disk;
allocate channel d3 type disk;
allocate channel d4 type disk;
backup validate check logical database;
}

3) select * from V$DATABASE_BLOCK_CORRUPTION ;

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4) If V$DATABASE_BLOCK_CORRUPTION contains rows please run this query to 
find the objects that contains the corrupted blocks:

SELECT e.owner,
       e.segment_type,
       e.segment_name,
       e.partition_name,
       c.file#,
       greatest(e.block_id, c.block#) corr_start_block#,
       least(e.block_id + e.blocks - 1, c.block# + c.blocks - 1) corr_end_block#,
       least(e.block_id + e.blocks - 1, c.block# + c.blocks - 1) -
       greatest(e.block_id, c.block#) + 1 blocks_corrupted,
       null description
  FROM dba_extents e, v$database_block_corruption c
 WHERE e.file_id = c.file#
   AND e.block_id <= c.block# + c.blocks - 1
   AND e.block_id + e.blocks - 1 >= c.block#
UNION
SELECT s.owner,
       s.segment_type,
       s.segment_name,
       s.partition_name,
       c.file#,
       header_block corr_start_block#,
       header_block corr_end_block#,
       1 blocks_corrupted,
       'Segment Header' description
  FROM dba_segments s, v$database_block_corruption c
 WHERE s.header_file = c.file#
   AND s.header_block between c.block# and c.block# + c.blocks - 1
UNION
SELECT null owner,
       null segment_type,
       null segment_name,
       null partition_name,
       c.file#,
       greatest(f.block_id, c.block#) corr_start_block#,
       least(f.block_id + f.blocks - 1, c.block# + c.blocks - 1) corr_end_block#,
       least(f.block_id + f.blocks - 1, c.block# + c.blocks - 1) -
       greatest(f.block_id, c.block#) + 1 blocks_corrupted,
       'Free Block' description
  FROM dba_free_space f, v$database_block_corruption c
 WHERE f.file_id = c.file#
   AND f.block_id <= c.block# + c.blocks - 1
   AND f.block_id + f.blocks - 1 >= c.block#
 order by file#, corr_start_block#;

SELECT tablespace_name, segment_type, owner, segment_name
FROM dba_extents
WHERE file_id = &fileid
and &blockid between block_id AND block_id + blocks - 1;

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