Oracle内部视图X$KFFXP

X$KFFXP是ASM(Automatic Storage Management)自动存储管理特性的重要内部视图,该视图反应了File Extent Map映射关系,ASM会将文件split成多个多个piece分片,这些分片被称为Extents。 在Disk上存放这些Extent的位置,就是我们常说的”Allocation Unit”。

 

KFF意为Kernel File,X$KFFXP即Kernel File Extent Maps, 该内部视图的一条记录代表一个Extent。

 

其字段含义如下:

 

GROUP_KFFXP        diskgroup number (1 - 63) ASM disk group number. Join with v$asm_disk and v$asm_diskgroup

NUMBER_KFFXP      file number for the extent ASM file number. Join with v$asm_file and v$asm_alias

COMPOUND_KFFXP    (group_kffxp << 24) + file # File identifier. Join with compound_index in v$asm_file

INCARN_KFFXP      file incarnation number File incarnation id. Join with incarnation in v$asm_file

PXN_KFFXP            physical extent number  Extent number per file

XNUM_KFFXP          extent number bit 31 set if indirect Logical extent
number per file (mirrored extents have the same value)

LXN_KFFXP            logical extent number 0,1 used to identify primary/mirror extent,
2 identifies file header allocation unit (hypothesis) used in the query such that
we go after only the primary extents, not secondary extents 

DISK_KFFXP          disk on which AU is located  Disk number where the extent is allocated.
Join with v$asm_disk Relative position of the allocation unit from the beginning of the disk. 

AU_KFFXP              AU number on disk of AU allocation unit size (1 MB) in v$asm_diskgroup

从11g开始加入了CHK_KFFXP SIZE_KFFXP 2个新的字段

CHK_KFFXP   未知 可能是范围为[0-256]的某种校验值

SIZE_KFFXP  size_kffxp is used such that we account for variable sized extents. 
sum(size_kffxp) provides the number of AUs that are on that disk.

 

在实例级别控制ASM Diskgroup AU 和 stripe size的是2个隐藏参数 _asm_ausize 1048576 以及 _asm_stripesize 131072。从11g开始一个Extent可能包含多个AU。

 

可以通过以下脚本查询文件与Extent等ASM属性的映射关系:

 

set linesize 140 pagesize 1400
col "FILE NAME" format a40
set head on
select NAME         "FILE NAME",
       NUMBER_KFFXP "FILE NUMBER",
       XNUM_KFFXP   "EXTENT NUMBER",
       DISK_KFFXP   "DISK NUMBER",
       AU_KFFXP     "AU NUMBER",
       SIZE_KFFXP   "NUMBER of AUs"
  from x$kffxp, v$asm_alias
 where GROUP_KFFXP = GROUP_NUMBER
   and NUMBER_KFFXP = FILE_NUMBER
   and system_created = 'Y'
   and lxn_kffxp = 0
 order by name;

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