as this bug note claimed that:
Customer frequently receives the following errors while rollback of a
transcation using Portal application:
ORA-603: ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
ORA-600: internal error code, arguments: , , , , , , ,
ORA-600: internal error code, arguments: , , , , , , ,
Wed May 19 12:47:28 2004
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/ORTPTP/udump/ortptp_ora_6363.trc:
ORA-603: ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
ORA-600: internal error code, arguments: , , , , , , ,
Wed May 19 14:38:39 2004
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/ORTPTP/udump/ortptp_ora_782.trc:
ORA-600: internal error code, arguments: , , , , , , ,
Tablespace 3 = TEMP tablespace.
Block dump in tracefile ortptp_ora_21207.trc points to TEMP tablespace and
Block header dump: 0x00c0b917
Object id on Block? Y
seg/obj: 0xc0b916 csc: 0x00.18f4bc itc: 1 flg: O typ: 1 – DATA
fsl: 0 fnx: 0x0 ver: 0x01
Summary Stack (to Full stack) (to Function List)
ksedmp # KSE: dump the process state
kgeriv # KGE Record Internal error code (with Va_list) (IGNORE)
kgeasi # Raise an error on an ASSERTION failure (IGNORE)
kdbmrd ? Module Notes: kdb.c – Kernel Data Block structure and
kdoqmd ? Module Notes: kdo.c – Kernel Data Operations
kcoapl NAME: kcoapl – Kernel Cache Op APpLy
ktuapundo ktuapundo – Kernel Transaction Undo APply UNdo
ktbapundo ktbapundo – Kernel Transaction Block APply UNdo
kdoiur declare local objects */
kcoubk kcoubk – Kernel Cache Op Undo callBacK — invoke undo
callback routine */
ktundo ktundo – Kernel Transaction UNDO
ktubko Get undo record to rollback transaction, non-CR only */
ktuabt ktuabt – Kernel Transaction Undo ABorT
ktcrab KTC: Kernel Transaction Control Real ABort – Abort a
k2labo abort session: first abort aborts tx
k2send TESTING SUPPORT:
xctrol XaCTion ROLlback: Rollback the current transaction of the
opiodr OPIODR: ORACLE code request driver – route the current
ttcpip TTCPIP: Two Task Common PIPe read/write
opitsk opitsk – Two Task Oracle Side Function Dispatcher
opiino opiino – ORACLE Program Interface INitialize Opi
opiodr OPIODR: ORACLE code request driver – route the current
opidrv # opidrv – ORACLE Program Interface DRiVer (IGNORE)
sou2o # Main Oracle executable entry point
main # Standard executable entry point
start # C program entry point (IGNORE)
drepprep perform the document indexing
evapls EVAluate any PLSql function
kcmclscn check Lamport SCN
kcsadj1 adjust SCN
kgesinv KGE Signal Internal (Named) error (with VA_list)
kghalo KGH: main allocation entry point
kghalp KGH: Allocate permanent memory
kghfnd KGH: Find a chunk of at least the minimum size
kghfrunp KGH: Ask client to free unpinned space
kghfrx Free extent. This is called when a heap is unpinned to request that it
kghgex KGH: Get a new extent
kghnospc KGH: There is no space available in the heap
kghpmalo KGH: Find and return a permanent chunk of space
kghxal Allocate a fixed size piece of shared memory.
kglhpd KGL HeaP Deallocate
kglobcl KGL OBject CLear all tables
kglpnal KGL PiN ALlOcate
kglpnc KGL: PiN heaps and load data pieces of a Cursor object
kglpndl KGL PiN DeLete
kglrfcl KGL ReFerence CLear
kgmexec KGM EXECute
kkmpost POST PROCESSING
kksalx ALlocate ‘size’ bytes from the eXecution-time heap
kkscls KKS: Close the cursor, user is done with it
kkspfda Multiple context area management
kkssbt KKS: set bind types
kksscl KKS: scan child list?
koklcopy KOK Lob COPY.
koklcpb2c KOK Lob CoPy Binary data (BFILE/BLOB) into Clob
kolfgdir KOL File Get DIRectory object, path and FileNames.
kpuexec KPU: Execute
kpuexecv8 KPU: Execute V8
kpurcsc KPU Remote Call with ServiceContext, Callbacks
kqdgtc return an open and parsed cursor for the given statement
kqldprr KQLD Parent Referential constraint Read
kqllod KQL: database object load
kqlsadd kqlsadd – KQLS ADD a new element to a subordinate set
kqlslod KQLS: Load all subordinate set elements for a given heap
kslcll KSL: Clean up after a given latch
kslcllt Clean up after a given latch
kslilcr invoke latch cleanup routine:
ksmapg KSM: Callback function for allocating a PGA extent, calls OSD to alloc
ksmasg Callback function for allocating an SGA extent.
kssxdl KSS: delete SO ignoring all except severe errors. cleans latches
ksucln KSUCLN: Cleanup detached process
ksudlc delete call
ksudlp KSU: delete process.called when user detaches or during cleanup by PMON
ksuxda KSUCLN: Attempt to delete all processes that are marked dead.
ksuxdl KSUCLN: Delete state object for PMON
ksuxfl KSU: Find dead processes and cleanup their latches. Called by PMON
kxfpbgpc Get Permanent Chunks
kxfpbgtc Buffer Allocation Get Chunk
kxfpnfy KXFP: NotiFY (component notifier)
kxfxse KXFX: execute
kxstcls Trace cursor closing
opicca ORACLE Program Interface: Clear Context Area
opiclo ORACLE Program Interface: CLOse cursor
opiprs ORACLE Program Interface: PaRSe
opitca OPITCA: sets up the context area
pextproc Pefm call EXTernal PROCedure
qerocStart This function creates a collection iterator row-source to iterate
qkadrv QKADRV: allocate query structures
qkajoi QKAJOI: Query Kernel Allocation: JOIn processing
qximeop QXIM Evaluate OPerand
rpicls RPI: Recursive Program Interface CLoSe
selexe SELEXE: prepare context area for fetch
xtyinpr XTY Insert Numeric PRecision operator
ORA-600 Lookup Error Categories
Oracle Server – Enterprise Edition – Version:
Oracle Server – Personal Edition – Version:
Oracle Server – Standard Edition – Version:
Information in this document applies to any platform.
Checked for relevance 04-Jun-2009
This note aims to provide a high level overview of the internal errors which may be encountered on the Oracle Server (sometimes referred to as the Oracle kernel). It is written to provide a guide to where a particular error may live and give some indication as to what the impact of the problem may be. Where a problem is reproducible and connected with a specific feature, you might obviously try not using the feature. If there is a consistent nature to the problem, it is good practice to ensure that the latest patchsets are in place and that you have taken reasonable measures to avoid known issues.
For repeatable issues which the ora-600 tool has not listed a likely cause , it is worth constructing a test case. Where this is possible, it greatly assists in the resolution time of any issue. It is important to remember that, in a many instances , the Server is very flexible and a workaround can very often be achieved.
This bulletin provides Oracle DBAs with an overview of internal database errors.Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to provide a reasonable degree of accuracy in what has been stated. Please consider that the details provided only serve to provide an indication of functionality and, in some cases, may not be wholly correct.
In the Oracle Server source, there are two types of ora-600 error :
- the first parameter is a number which reflects the source component or layer the error is connected with; or
- the first parameter is a mnemonic which indicates the source module where the error originated. This type of internal error is now used in preference to an internal error number.
Both types of error may be possible in the Oracle server.
The following table provides an indication of internal error codes used in the Oracle server. Thus, if ora-600[X] is encountered, it is possible to glean some high level background information : the error in generated in the Y layer which indicates that there may be a problem with Z.
Ora-600 Base Functionality Description 1 Service Layer The service layer has within it a variety of service related components which are associated with in memory related activities in the SGA such as, for example : the management of Enqueues, System Parameters, System state objects (these objects track the use of structures in the SGA by Oracle server processes), etc.. In the main, this layer provides support to allow process communication and provides support for locking and the management of structures to support multiple user processes connecting and interacting within the SGA. Note : vos – Virtual Operating System provides features to support the functionality above. As the name suggests it provides base functionality in much the same way as is provided by an Operating System.
Ora-600 Base Functionality Description 1 vos Component notifier 100 vos Debug 300 vos Error 500 vos Lock 700 vos Memory 900 vos System Parameters 1100 vos System State object 1110 vos Generic Linked List management 1140 vos Enqueue 1180 vos Instance Locks 1200 vos User State object 1400 vos Async Msgs 1700 vos license Key 1800 vos Instance Registration 1850 vos I/O Services components 2000 Cache Layer Where errors are generated in this area, it is advisable to check whether the error is repeatable and whether the error is perhaps associated with recovery or undo type operations; where this is the case and the error is repeatable, this may suggest some kind of hardware or physical issue with a data file, control file or log file. The Cache layer is responsible for making the changes to the underlying files and well as managing the related memory structures in the SGA. Note : rcv indicates recovery. It is important to remember that the Oracle cache layer is effectively going through the same code paths as used by the recovery mechanism.
Ora-600 Base Functionality Description 2000 server/rcv Cache Op 2100 server/rcv Control File mgmt 2200 server/rcv Misc (SCN etc.) 2400 server/rcv Buffer Instance Hash Table 2600 server/rcv Redo file component 2800 server/rcv Db file 3000 server/rcv Redo Application 3200 server/cache Buffer manager 3400 server/rcv Archival & media recovery component 3600 server/rcv recovery component 3700 server/rcv Thread component 3800 server/rcv Compatibility segment
It is important to consider when the error occurred and the context in which the error was generated. If the error does not reproduce, it may be an in memory issue.
4000 Transaction Layer Primarily the transaction layer is involved with maintaining structures associated with the management of transactions. As with the cache layer , problems encountered in this layer may indicate some kind of issue at a physical level. Thus it is important to try and repeat the same steps to see if the problem recurs.
Ora-600 Base Functionality Description 4000 server/txn Transaction Undo 4100 server/txn Transaction Undo 4210 server/txn Transaction Parallel 4250 server/txn Transaction List 4300 space/spcmgmt Transaction Segment 4400 txn/lcltx Transaction Control 4450 txn/lcltx distributed transaction control 4500 txn/lcltx Transaction Block 4600 space/spcmgmt Transaction Table 4800 dict/rowcache Query Row Cache 4900 space/spcmgmt Transaction Monitor 5000 space/spcmgmt Transaction Extent
It is important to try and determine what the object involved in any reproducible problem is. Then use the analyze command. For more information, please refer to the analyze command as detailed in the context of Note:28814.1; in addition, it may be worth using the dbverify as discussed in Note:35512.1.
6000 Data Layer The data layer is responsible for maintaining and managing the data in the database tables and indexes. Issues in this area may indicate some kind of physical issue at the object level and therefore, it is important to try and isolate the object and then perform an anlayze on the object to validate its structure.
Ora-600 Base Functionality Description 6000 ram/data
data, analyze command and index related activity 7000 ram/object lob related errors 8000 ram/data general data access 8110 ram/index index related 8150 ram/object general data access
Again, it is important to try and determine what the object involved in any reproducible problem is. Then use the analyze command. For more information, please refer to the analyze command as detailed in the context of Note:28814.1; in addition, it may be worth using the dbverify as discussed in Note:35512.1.
12000 User/Oracle Interface & SQL Layer Components This layer governs the user interface with the Oracle server. Problems generated by this layer usually indicate : some kind of presentation or format error in the data received by the server, i.e. the client may have sent incomplete information; or there is some kind of issue which indicates that the data is received out of sequence
Ora-600 Base Functionality Description 12200 progint/kpo
errors at interface level on server side, xa , etc.
12300 progint/if OCI interface to coordinating global transactions 12400 sqlexec/rowsrc table row source access 12600 space/spcmgmt operations associated with tablespace : alter / create / drop operations ; operations associated with create table / cluster 12700 sqlexec/rowsrc bad rowid 13000 dict/if dictionary access routines associated with kernel compilation 13080 ram/index kernel Index creation 13080 sqllang/integ constraint mechanism 13100 progint/opi archival and Media Recovery component 13200 dict/sqlddl alter table mechanism 13250 security/audit audit statement processing 13300 objsupp/objdata support for handling of object generation and object access 14000 dict/sqlddl sequence generation 15000 progint/kpo logon to Oracle 16000 tools/sqlldr sql loader related
You should try and repeat the issue and with the use of sql trace , try and isolate where exactly the issue may be occurring within the application.
14000 System Dependent Component internal error values This layer manages interaction with the OS. Effectively it acts as the glue which allows the Oracle server to interact with the OS. The types of operation which this layer manages are indicated as follows.
Ora-600 Base Functionality Description 14000 osds File access 14100 osds Concurrency management; 14200 osds Process management; 14300 osds Exception-handler or signal handler management 14500 osds Memory allocation 15000 security/dac,
local user access validation; challenge / response activity for remote access validation; auditing operation; any activities associated with granting and revoking of privileges; validation of password with external password file 15100 dict/sqlddl this component manages operations associated with creating, compiling (altering), renaming, invalidating, and dropping procedures, functions, and packages. 15160 optim/cbo cost based optimizer layer is used to determine optimal path to the data based on statistical information available on the relevant tables and indexes. 15190 optim/cbo cost based optimizer layer. Used in the generation of a new index to determine how the index should be created. Should it be constructed from the table data or from another index. 15200 dict/shrdcurs used to in creating sharable context area associated with shared cursors 15230 dict/sqlddl manages the compilation of triggers 15260 dict/dictlkup
dictionary lookup and library cache access 15400 server/drv manages alter system and alter session operations 15410 progint/if manages compilation of pl/sql packages and procedures 15500 dict/dictlkup performs dictionary lookup to ensure semantics are correct 15550 sqlexec/execsvc
hash join execution management;
parallel row source management
15600 sqlexec/pq component provides support for Parallel Query operation 15620 repl/snapshots manages the creation of snapshot or materialized views as well as related snapshot / MV operations 15640 repl/defrdrpc layer containing various functions for examining the deferred transaction queue and retrieving information 15660 jobqs/jobq manages the operation of the Job queue background processes 15670 sqlexec/pq component provides support for Parallel Query operation 15700 sqlexec/pq component provides support for Parallel Query operation; specifically mechanism for starting up and shutting down query slaves 15800 sqlexec/pq component provides support for Parallel Query operation 15810 sqlexec/pq component provides support for Parallel Query operation; specifically functions for creating mechanisms through which Query co-ordinator can communicate with PQ slaves; 15820 sqlexec/pq component provides support for Parallel Query operation 15850 sqlexec/execsvc component provides support for the execution of SQL statements 15860 sqlexec/pq component provides support for Parallel Query operation 16000 loader sql Loader direct load operation; 16150 loader this layer is used for ‘C’ level call outs to direct loader operation; 16200 dict/libcache this is part of library Cache operation. Amongst other things it manages the dependency of SQL objects and tracks who is permitted to access these objects; 16230 dict/libcache this component is responsible for managing access to remote objects as part of library Cache operation; 16300 mts/mts this component relates to MTS (Multi Threaded Server) operation 16400 dict/sqlddl this layer contains functionality which allows tables to be loaded / truncated and their definitions to be modified. This is part of dictionary operation; 16450 dict/libcache this layer layer provides support for multi-instance access to the library cache; this functionality is applicable therefore to OPS environments; 16500 dict/rowcache this layer provides support to load / cache Oracle’s dictionary in memory in the library cache; 16550 sqlexec/fixedtab this component maps data structures maintained in the Oracle code to fixed tables such that they can be queried using the SQL layer; 16600 dict/libcache this layer performs management of data structures within the library cache; 16651 dict/libcache this layer performs management of dictionary related information within library Cache; 16701 dict/libcache this layer provides library Cache support to support database creation and forms part of the bootstrap process; 17000 dict/libcache this is the main library Cache manager. This Layer maintains the in memory representation of cached sql statements together will all the necessary support that this demands; 17090 generic/vos this layer implementations error management operations: signalling errors, catching errors, recovering from errors, setting error frames, etc.; 17100 generic/vos Heap manager. The Heap manager manages the storage of internal data in an orderly and consistent manner. There can be many heaps serving various purposes; and heaps within heaps. Common examples are the SGA heap, UGA heap and the PGA heap. Within a Heap there are consistency markers which aim to ensure that the Heap is always in a consistent state. Heaps are use extensively and are in memory structures – not on disk. 17200 dict/libcache this component deals with loading remote library objects into the local library cache with information from the remote database. 17250 dict/libcache more library cache errors ; functionality for handling pipe operation associated with dbms_pipe 17270 dict/instmgmt this component manages instantiations of procedures, functions, packages, and cursors in a session. This provides a means to keep track of what has been loaded in the event of process death; 17300 generic/vos manages certain types of memory allocation structure. This functionality is an extension of the Heap manager. 17500 generic/vos relates to various I/O operations. These relate to async i/o operation, direct i/o operation and the management of writing buffers from the buffer cache by potentially a number of database writer processes; 17625 dict/libcache additional library Cache supporting functions 17990 plsql plsql ‘standard’ package related issues 18000 txn/lcltx transaction and savepoint management operations 19000 optim/cbo cost based optimizer related operations 20000 ram/index bitmap index and index related errors. 20400 ram/partnmap operations on partition related objects 20500 server/rcv server recovery related operation 21000 repl/defrdrpc,
replication related features 23000 oltp/qs AQ related errors. 24000 dict/libcache operations associated with managing stored outlines 25000 server/rcv tablespace management operations
The following table details mnemonics error stems which are possible. If you have encountered : ora-600[kkjsrj:1] for example, you should look down the Error Mnemonic column (errors in alphabetical order) until you find the matching stem. In this case, kkj indicates that something unexpected has occurred in job queue operation.
Error Mnemonic(s) Functionality Description ain ainp ram/index ain – alter index; ainp – alter index partition management operation apacb optim/rbo used by optimizer in connect by processing atb atbi atbo ctc ctci cvw dict/sqlddl alter table , create table (IOT) or cluster operations as well as create view related operations (with constraint handling functionality) dbsdrv sqllang/parse alter / create database operation ddfnet progint/distrib various distributed operations on remote dictionary delexe sqlexec/dmldrv manages the delete statement operation dix ram/index manages drop index or validate index operation dtb dict/sqlddl manages drop table operation evaa2g evah2p evaa2g dbproc/sqlfunc various functions involves in evaluating operand outcomes such as : addition , average, OR operator, bites AND , bites OR, concatenation, as well as Oracle related functions : count(), dump() , etc. The list is extensive. expcmo expgon dbproc/expreval handles expression evaluation with respect to two operands being equivalent gra security/dac manages the granting and revoking of privilege rights to a user gslcsq plsldap support for operations with an LDAP server insexe sqlexec/dmldrv handles the insert statement operation jox progint/opi functionality associated with the Java compiler and with the Java runtime environment within the Server k2c k2d progint/distrib support for database to database operation in distributed environements as well as providing, with respect to the 2-phase commit protocol, a globally unique Database id k2g k2l txn/disttx support for the 2 phase commit protocol protocol and the coordination of the various states in managing the distributed transaction k2r k2s k2sp progint/distrib k2r – user interface for managing distributed transactions and combining distributed results ; k2s – handles logging on, starting a transaction, ending a transaction and recovering a transaction; k2sp – management of savepoints in a distributed environment. k2v txn/disttx handles distributed recovery operation kad cartserv/picklercs handles OCIAnyData implementation kau ram/data manages the modification of indexes for inserts, updates and delete operations for IOTs as well as modification of indexes for IOTs kcb kcbb kcbk kcbl kcbs kcbt kcbw kcbz cache manages Oracle’s buffer cache operation as well as operations used by capabilities such as direct load, has clusters , etc. kcc kcf rcv manages and coordinates operations on the control file(s) kcit context/trigger internal trigger functionality kck rcv compatibility related checks associated with the compatible parameter kcl cache background lck process which manages locking in a RAC or parallel server multiple instance environment kco kcq kcra kcrf kcrfr kcrfw kcrp kcrr kcs kct kcv rcv various buffer cache operation such as quiesce operation , managing fast start IO target, parallel recovery operation , etc. kd ram/data support for row level dependency checking and some log miner operations kda ram/analyze manages the analyze command and collection of statistics kdbl kdc kdd ram/data support for direct load operation, cluster space management and deleting rows kdg ram/analyze gathers information about the underlying data and is used by the analyze command kdi kdibc3 kdibco kdibh kdibl kdibo kdibq kdibr kdic kdici kdii kdil kdir kdis kdiss kdit kdk ram/index support of the creation of indexes on tables an IOTs and index look up kdl kdlt ram/object lob and temporary lob management kdo ram/data operations on data such as inserting a row piece or deleting a row piece kdrp ram/analyze underlying support for operations provided by the dbms_repair package kds kdt kdu ram/data operations on data such as retrieving a row and updating existing row data kdv kdx ram/index functionality for dumping index and managing index blocks kfc kfd kfg asm support for ASM file and disk operations kfh kfp kft rcv support for writing to file header and transportable tablespace operations kgaj kgam kgan kgas kgat kgav kgaz argusdbg/argusdbg support for Java Debug Wire Protocol (JDWP) and debugging facilites kgbt kgg kgh kghs kghx kgkp vos kgbt – support for BTree operations; kgg – generic lists processing; kgh – Heap Manager : managing the internal structures withing the SGA / UGA / PGA and ensures their integrity; kghs – Heap manager with Stream support; kghx – fixed sized shared memory manager; kgkp – generic services scheduling policies kgl kgl2 kgl3 kgla kglp kglr kgls dict/libcache generic library cache operation kgm kgmt ilms support for inter language method services – or calling one language from another kgrq kgsk kgski kgsn kgss vos support for priority queue and scheduling; capabilities for Numa support; Service State object manager kgupa kgupb kgupd0 kgupf kgupg kgupi kgupl kgupm kgupp kgupt kgupx kguq2 kguu vos Service related activities activities associated with for Process monitor (PMON); spawning or creating of background processes; debugging; managing process address space; managing the background processes; etc. kgxp vos inter process communication related functions kjak kjat kjb kjbl kjbm kjbr kjcc kjcs kjctc kjcts kjcv kjdd kjdm kjdr kjdx kjfc kjfm kjfs kjfz kjg kji kjl kjm kjp kjr kjs kjt kju kjx ccl/dlm dlm related functionality ; associated with RAC or parallel server operation kjxgf kjxgg kjxgm kjxgn kjxgna kjxgr ccl/cgs provides communication & synchronisation associated with GMS or OPS related functionality as well as name service and OPS Instance Membership Recovery Facility kjxt ccl/dlm DLM request message management kjzc kjzd kjzf kjzg kjzm ccl/diag support for diagnosibility amongst OPS related services kkb dict/sqlddl support for operatoins which load/change table definitions kkbl kkbn kkbo objsupp/objddl support for tables with lobs , nested tables and varrays as well as columns with objects kkdc kkdl kkdo dict/dictlkup support for constraints, dictionary lookup and dictionary support for objects kke optim/cbo query engine cost engine; provides support functions that provide cost estimates for queries under a number of different circumstances kkfd sqlexec/pq support for performing parallel query operation kkfi optim/cbo optimizer support for matching of expressions against functional ndexes kkfr kkfs sqlexec/pq support for rowid range handling as well as for building parallel query query operations kkj jobqs/jobq job queue operation kkkd kkki dict/dbsched resource manager related support. Additionally, provides underlying functions provided by dbms_resource_manager and dbms_resource_manager_privs packages kklr dict/sqlddl provides functions used to manipulate LOGGING and/or RECOVERABLE attributes of an object (non-partitioned table or index or partitions of a partitioned table or index) kkm kkmi dict/dictlkup provides various semantic checking functions kkn ram/analyze support for the analyze command kko kkocri optim/cbo Cost based Optimizer operation : generates alternative execution plans in order to find the optimal / quickest access to the data. Also , support to determine cost and applicability of scanning a given index in trying to create or rebuild an index or a partition thereof kkpam kkpap ram/partnmap support for mapping predicate keys expressions to equivalent partitions kkpo kkpoc kkpod dict/partn support for creation and modification of partitioned objects kkqg kkqs kkqs1 kkqs2 kkqs3 kkqu kkqv kkqw optim/vwsubq query rewrite operation kks kksa kksh kksl kksm dict/shrdcurs support for managing shared cursors/ shared sql kkt dict/sqlddl support for creating, altering and dropping trigger definitions as well as handling the trigger operation kkxa repl/defrdrpc underlying support for dbms_defer_query package operations kkxb dict/sqlddl library cache interface for external tables kkxl dict/plsicds underlying support for the dbms_lob package kkxm progint/opi support for inter language method services kkxs dict/plsicds underlying support for the dbms_sys_sql package kkxt repl/trigger support for replication internal trigger operation kkxwtp progint/opi entry point into the plsql compiler kky drv support for alter system/session commands kkz kkzd kkzf kkzg kkzi kkzj kkzl kkzo kkzp kkzq kkzr kkzu kkzv repl/snapshot support for snapshots or Materialized View validation and operation kla klc klcli klx tools/sqlldr support for direct path sql loader operation kmc kmcp kmd kmm kmr mts/mts support for Multi Threaded server operation (MTS) : manange and operate the virtual circuit mechanism, handle the dispatching of massages, administer shared servers and for collecting and maintaining statistics associated with MTS knac knafh knaha knahc knahf knahs repl/apply replication apply operation associated with Oracle streams kncc repl/repcache support for replication related information stored and maintained in library cache kncd knce repl/defrdrpc replication related enqueue and dequeue of transction data as well as other queue related operations kncog repl/repcache support for loading replicaiton object group information into library cache kni repl/trigger support for replication internal trigger operation knip knip2 knipi knipl knipr knipu knipu2 knipx repl/intpkg support for replication internal package operation. kno repl/repobj support for replication objects knp knpc knpcb knpcd knpqc knps repl/defrdrpc operations assocaied with propagating transactions to a remote node and coordination of this activity. knst repl/stats replication statistics collection knt kntg kntx repl/trigger support for replication internal trigger operation koc objmgmt/objcache support for managing ADTs objects in the OOCI heap kod objmgmt/datamgr support for persistent storage for objects : for read/write objects, to manage object IDs, and to manage object concurrency and recovery. koh objmgmt/objcache object heap manager provides memory allocation services for objects koi objmgmt/objmgr support for object types koka objsupp/objdata support for reading images, inserting images, updating images, and deleting images based on object references (REFs). kokb kokb2 objsupp/objsql support for nested table objects kokc objmgmt/objcache support for pinning , unpinning and freeing objects kokd objsupp/datadrv driver on the server side for managing objects koke koke2 koki objsupp/objsql support for managing objects kokl objsupp/objdata lob access kokl2 objsupp/objsql lob DML and programmatic interface support kokl3 objsupp/objdata object temporary LOB support kokle kokm objsupp/objsql object SQL evaluation functions kokn objsupp/objname naming support for objects koko objsupp/objsup support functions to allow oci/rpi to communicate with Object Management Subsystem (OMS). kokq koks koks2 koks3 koksr objsupp/objsql query optimisation for objects , semantic checking and semantic rewrite operations kokt kokt2 kokt3 objsupp/objddl object compilation type manager koku kokv objsupp/objsql support for unparse object operators and object view support kol kolb kole kolf kolo objmgmt/objmgr support for object Lob buffering , object lob evaluation and object Language/runtime functions for Opaque types kope2 kopi2 kopo kopp2 kopu koputil kopz objmgmt/pickler 8.1 engine implementation, implementation of image ops for 8.1+ image format together with various pickler related support functions kos objsupp/objsup object Stream interfaces for images/objects kot kot2 kotg objmgmt/typemgr support for dynamic type operations to create, delete, and update types. koxs koxx objmgmt/objmgt object generic image Stream routines and miscellaneous generic object functions kpcp kpcxlt progint/kpc Kernel programmatic connection pooling and kernel programmatic common type XLT translation routines kpki progint/kpki kernel programatic interface support kpls cartserv/corecs support for string formatting operations kpn progint/kpn support for server to server communication kpoal8 kpoaq kpob kpodny kpodp kpods kpokgt kpolob kpolon kpon progint/kpo support for programmatic operations kpor progint/opi support for streaming protocol used by replication kposc progint/kpo support for scrollable cursors kpotc progint/opi oracle side support functions for setting up trusted external procedure callbacks kpotx kpov progint/kpo support for managing local and distributed transaction coordination. kpp2 kpp3 sqllang/parse kpp2 – parse routines for dimensions;
kpp3 – parse support for create/alter/drop summary statements
kprb kprc progint/rpi support for executing sql efficiently on the Oracle server side as well as for copying data types during rpi operations kptsc progint/twotask callback functions provided to all streaming operation as part of replication functionality kpu kpuc kpucp progint/kpu Oracle kernel side programmatic user interface, cursor management functions and client side connection pooling support kqan kqap kqas argusdbg/argusdbg server-side notifiers and callbacks for debug operations. kql kqld kqlp dict/libcache SQL Library Cache manager – manages the sharing of sql statements in the shared pool kqr dict/rowcache row cache management. The row cache consists of a set of facilities to provide fast access to table definitions and locking capabilities. krbi krbx krby krcr krd krpi rcv Backup and recovery related operations :
krbi – dbms_backup_restore package underlying support.; krbx – proxy copy controller; krby – image copy; krcr – Recovery Controlfile Redo; krd – Recover Datafiles (Media & Standby Recovery); krpi – support for the package : dbms_pitr
krvg krvt rcv/vwr krvg – support for generation of redo associated with DDL; krvt – support for redo log miner viewer (also known as log miner) ksa ksdp ksdx kse ksfd ksfh ksfq ksfv ksi ksim ksk ksl ksm ksmd ksmg ksn ksp kspt ksq ksr kss ksst ksu ksut vos support for various kernel associated capabilities ksx sqlexec/execsvc support for query execution associated with temporary tables ksxa ksxp ksxr vos support for various kernel associated capabilities in relation to OPS or RAC operation kta space/spcmgmt support for DML locks and temporary tables associated with table access ktb ktbt ktc txn/lcltx transaction control operations at the block level : locking block, allocating space within the block , freeing up space, etc. ktec ktef ktehw ktein ktel kteop kteu space/spcmgmt support for extent management operations :
ktec – extent concurrency operations; ktef – extent format; ktehw – extent high water mark operations; ktein – extent information operations; ktel – extent support for sql loader; kteop – extent operations : add extent to segment, delete extent, resize extent, etc. kteu – redo support for operations changing segment header / extent map
ktf txn/lcltx flashback support ktfb ktfd ktft ktm space/spcmgmt ktfb – support for bitmapped space manipulation of files/tablespaces; ktfd – dictionary-based extent management; ktft – support for temporary file manipulation; ktm – SMON operation ktp ktpr ktr ktri txn/lcltx ktp – support for parallel transaction operation; ktpr – support for parallel transaction recovery; ktr – kernel transaction read consistency;
ktri – support for dbms_resumable package
ktsa ktsap ktsau ktsb ktscbr ktsf ktsfx ktsi ktsm ktsp ktss ktst ktsx ktt kttm space/spcmgmt support for checking and verifying space usage ktu ktuc ktur ktusm txn/lcltx internal management of undo and rollback segments kwqa kwqi kwqic kwqid kwqie kwqit kwqj kwqm kwqn kwqo kwqp kwqs kwqu kwqx oltp/qs support for advanced queuing :
kwqa – advanced queue administration; kwqi – support for AQ PL/SQL trusted callouts; kwqic – common AQ support functions; kwqid – AQ dequeue support; kwqie – AQ enqueu support ; kwqit – time management operation ; kwqj – job queue scheduler for propagation; kwqm – Multiconsumer queue IOT support; kwqn – queue notifier; kwqo – AQ support for checking instType checking options; kwqp – queueing propagation; kwqs – statistics handling; kwqu – handles lob data. ; kwqx – support for handling transformations
kwrc kwre oltp/re rules engine evaluation kxcc kxcd kxcs sqllang/integ constraint processing kxdr sqlexec/dmldrv DML driver entrypoint kxfp kxfpb kxfq kxfr kxfx sqlexec/pq parallel query support kxhf kxib sqlexec/execsvc khhf- support for hash join file and memory management; kxib – index buffering operations kxs dict/instmgmt support for executing shared cursors kxti kxto kxtr dbproc/trigger support for trigger operation kxtt ram/partnmap support for temporary table operations kxwph ram/data support for managing attributes of the segment of a table / cluster / table-partition kza security/audit support for auditing operations kzar security/dac support for application auditing kzck security/crypto encryption support kzd security/dac support for dictionary access by security related functions kzec security/dbencryption support inserting and retrieving encrypted objects into and out of the database kzfa kzft security/audit support for fine grained auditing kzia security/logon identification and authentication operations kzp kzra kzrt kzs kzu kzup security/dac security related operations associated with privileges msqima msqimb sqlexec/sqlgen support for generating sql statments ncodef npi npil npixfr progint/npi support for managing remote network connection from within the server itself oba sqllang/outbufal operator buffer allocate for various types of operators : concatenate, decode, NVL, etc. the list is extensive. ocik progint/oci OCI oracle server functions opiaba opidrv opidsa opidsc opidsi opiexe opifch opiino opilng opipar opipls opirip opitsk opix progint/opi OPI Oracle server functions – these are at the top of the server stack and are called indirectly by ythe client in order to server the client request. orlr objmgmt/objmgr support for C langauge interfaces to user-defined types (UDTs) orp objmgmt/pickler oracle’s external pickler / opaque type interfaces pesblt pfri pfrsqc plsql/cox pesblt – pl/sql built in interpreter; pfri – pl/sql runtime; pfrsqc – pl/sql callbacks for array sql and dml with returning piht plsql/gen/utl support for pl/sql implementation of utl_http package pirg plsql/cli/utl_raw support for pl/sql implementation of utl_raw package pism plsql/cli/utl_smtp support for pl/sql implementation of utl_smtp package pitcb plsql/cli/utl_tcp support for pl/sql implementation of utl_tcp package piur plsql/gen/utl_url support for pl/sql implementation of utl_url package plio plsql/pkg pl/sql object instantiation plslm plsql/cox support for NCOMP processing plsm pmuc pmuo pmux objmgmt/pol support for pl/sql handling of collections prifold priold plsql/cox support to allow rpc forwarding to an older release prm sqllang/param parameter handling associated with sql layer prsa prsc prssz sqllang/parse prsa – parser for alter cluster command; prsc – parser for create database command; prssz – support for parse context to be saved psdbnd psdevn progint/dbpsd psdbnd – support for managing bind variables; psdevn – support for pl/sql debugger psdicd progint/plsicds small number of ICD to allow pl/sql to call into ‘C’ source psdmsc psdpgi progint/dbpsd psdmsc – pl/sql system dependent miscellaneous functions ; psdpgi – support for opening and closing cursors in pl/sql psf plsql/pls pl/sql service related functions for instantiating called pl/sql unit in library cache qbadrv qbaopn sqllang/qrybufal provides allocation of buffer and control structures in query execution qcdl qcdo dict/dictlkup qcdl – query compile semantic analysis; qcdo – query compile dictionary support for objects qci dict/shrdcurs support for SQL language parser and semantic analyser qcop qcpi qcpi3 qcpi4 qcpi5 sqllang/parse support for query compilation parse phase qcs qcs2 qcs3 qcsji qcso dict/dictlkup support for semantic analysis by SQL compiler qct qcto sqllang/typeconv qct – query compile type check operations; qcto – query compile type check operators qcu sqllang/parse various utilities provided for sql compilation qecdrv sqllang/qryedchk driver performing high level checks on sql language query capabilities qerae qerba qerbc qerbi qerbm qerbo qerbt qerbu qerbx qercb qercbi qerco qerdl qerep qerff qerfi qerfl qerfu qerfx qergi qergr qergs qerhc qerhj qeril qerim qerix qerjm qerjo qerle qerli qerlt qerns qeroc qeroi qerpa qerpf qerpx qerrm qerse qerso qersq qerst qertb qertq qerua qerup qerus qervw qerwn qerxt sqlexec/rowsrc row source operators :
qerae – row source (And-Equal) implementation; qerba – Bitmap Index AND row source; qerbc – bitmap index compaction row source; qerbi – bitmap index creation row source; qerbm – QERB Minus row source; qerbo – Bitmap Index OR row source; qerbt – bitmap convert row source; qerbu – Bitmap Index Unlimited-OR row source; qerbx – bitmap index access row source; qercb – row source: connect by; qercbi – support for connect by; qerco – count row source; qerdl – row source delete; qerep – explosion row source; qerff – row source fifo buffer; qerfi – first row row source; qerfl – filter row source definition; qerfu – row source: for update; qerfx – fixed table row source; qergi – granule iterator row source; qergr – group by rollup row source; qergs – group by sort row source; qerhc – row sources hash clusters; qerhj – row source Hash Join; qeril – In-list row source; qerim – Index Maintenance row source; qerix – Index row source; qerjo – row source: join; qerle – linear execution row source implementation; qerli – parallel create index; qerlt – row source populate Table; qerns – group by No Sort row source; qeroc – object collection iterator row source; qeroi – extensible indexing query component; qerpa – partition row sources; qerpf – query execution row source: prefetch; qerpx – row source: parallelizer; qerrm – remote row source; qerse – row source: set implementation; qerso – sort row source; qersq – row source for sequence number; qerst – query execution row sources: statistics; qertb – table row source; qertq – table queue row source; qerua – row source : union-All;
qerup – update row source; qerus – upsert row source ; qervw – view row source; qerwn – WINDOW row source; qerxt – external table fetch row source
qes3t qesa qesji qesl qesmm qesmmc sqlexec/execsvc run time support for sql execution qkacon qkadrv qkajoi qkatab qke qkk qkn qkna qkne sqlexec/rwsalloc SQL query dynamic structure allocation routines qks3t sqlexec/execsvc query execution service associated with temp table transformation qksmm qksmms qksop sqllang/compsvc qksmm – memory management services for the SQL compiler; qksmms – memory management simulation services for the SQL compiler; qksop – query compilation service for operand processing qkswc sqlexec/execsvc support for temp table transformation associated for with clause. qmf xmlsupp/util support for ftp server; implements processing of ftp commands qmr qmrb qmrs xmlsupp/resolver support hierarchical resolver qms xmlsupp/data support for storage and retrieval of XOBs qmurs xmlsupp/uri support for handling URIs qmx qmxsax xmlsupp/data qmx – xml support; qmxsax – support for handling sax processing qmxtc xmlsupp/sqlsupp support for ddl and other operators related to the sql XML support qmxtgx xmlsupp support for transformation : ADT -> XML qmxtsk xmlsupp/sqlsupp XMLType support functions qsme summgmt/dict summary management expression processing qsmka qsmkz dict/dictlkup qsmka – support to analyze request in order to determine whether a summary could be created that would be useful; qsmkz – support for create/alter summary semantic analysis qsmp qsmq qsmqcsm qsmqutl summgmt/dict qsmp – summary management partition processing; qsmq – summary management dictionary access; qsmqcsm – support for create / drop / alter summary and related dimension operations; qsmqutl – support for summaries qsms summgmt/advsvr summary management advisor qxdid objsupp/objddl support for domain index ddl operations qxidm objsupp/objsql support for extensible index dml operations qxidp objsupp/objddl support for domain index ddl partition operations qxim objsupp/objsql extensible indexing support for objects qxitex qxopc qxope objsupp/objddl qxitex – support for create / drop indextype; qxope – execution time support for operator callbacks; qxope – execution time support for operator DDL qxopq qxuag qxxm objsupp/objsql qxopq – support for queries with user-defined operators; qxuag – support for user defined aggregate processing; qxxm – queries involving external tables rfmon rfra rfrdb rfrla rfrm rfrxpt drs implements 9i data guard broker monitor rnm dict/sqlddl manages rename statement operation rpi progint/rpi recursive procedure interface which handles the the environment setup where multiple recursize statements are executed from one top level statement rwoima sqlexec/rwoprnds row operand operations rwsima sqlexec/rowsrc row source implementation/retrieval according to the defining query sdbima sqlexec/sort manages and performs sort operation selexe sqlexec/dmldrv handles the operation of select statement execution skgm osds platform specific memory management rountines interfacing with O.S. allocation functions smbima sor sqlexec/sort manages and performs sort operation sqn dict/sqlddl support for parsing references to sequences srdima srsima stsima sqlexec/sort manages and performs sort operation tbsdrv space/spcmgmt operations for executing create / alter / drop tablespace and related supporting functions ttcclr ttcdrv ttcdty ttcrxh ttcx2y progint/twotask two task common layer which provides high level interaction and negotiation functions for Oracle client when communicating with the server. It also provides important function of converting client side data / data types into equivalent on the server and vice versa uixexe ujiexe updexe upsexe sqlexec/dmldrv support for : index maintenance operations, the execution of the update statement and associated actions connected with update as well as the upsert command which combines the operations of update and insert vop optim/vwsubq view optimisation related functionality xct txn/lcltx support for the management of transactions and savepoint operations xpl sqlexec/expplan support for the explain plan command xty sqllang/typeconv type checking functions zlke security/ols/intext label security error handling component