Know about RAC Clusterware Process OPROCD

OPROCD introduced in 10.2.0.4 Linux and other Unix platform.

  • Fencing
    • Cluster handling of nodes that should not have access to shared resources
    • STONITH – Power cycle the node
    • PCW – nodes fence themselves through the reboot(8) command
    • Fabric Fencing from Polyserve
      • Healthy nodes send SNMP msgs to Fabric switch to disable SAN access from unhealthy nodes [ fence them out ]
      • Server is left in up state to view logs etc.
  • Oracle’s Cluster I/O Fencing solution
  • Only started on Unix platforms when vendor Clusterware is not running
  • Does not run on Windows and Linux!
  • Takes 2 parameters
    • Timeout value [ length of time between executions ]
    • Margin [ leeway for dispatches ]
    • Oproc.debug –t 1000 –m 500
  • In fatal mode node will get reboot’ed
  • In non-fatal mode error messages will be logged

OPROCD – This process is spawned in any non-vendor clusterware environment, except
on Windows where Oracle uses a kernel driver to perform the same actions and Linux
prior to version 10.2.0.4. If oprocd detects problems, it will kill a node via C
code. It is spawned in init.cssd and runs as root. This daemon is used to detect
hardware and driver freezes on the machine. If a machine were frozen for long enough
that the other nodes evicted it from the cluster, it needs to kill itself to prevent
any IO from getting reissued to the disk after the rest of the cluster has remastered
locks.”

*** Oprocd log locations:
In /etc/oracle/oprocd or /var/opt/oracle/oprocd depending on version/platform.

Note that oprocd only runs when no vendor clusterware is running or on Linux > 10.2.0.4

COMMON CAUSES OF OPROCD REBOOTS

– A problem detected by the OPROCD process. This can be caused by 4 things:1) An OS scheduler problem.
2) The OS is getting locked up in a driver or hardware.
3) Excessive amounts of load on the machine, thus preventing the scheduler from
behaving reasonably.
4) An Oracle bug.OPROCD Bugs Known to Cause Reboots:

Bug 5015469 – OPROCD may reboot the node whenever the system date is moved
backwards.
Fixed in 10.2.0.3+

Bug 4206159 – Oprocd is prone to time regression due to current API used (AIX only)
Fixed in 10.1.0.3 + One off patch for Bug 4206159.

Diagnostic Fixes (VERY NECESSARY IN MOST CASES):

Bug 5137401 – Oprocd logfile is cleared after a reboot
Fixed in 10.2.0.4+

Bug 5037858 – Increase the warning levels if a reboot is approaching
Fixed in 10.2.0.3+

FILES TO REVIEW AND GATHER FOR OPROCD REBOOTS

If logging a service request, please provide ALL of the following files to Oracle
Support if possible:

– Oprocd logs in /etc/oracle/oprocd or /var/opt/oracle/oprocd depending on version/platform.

– All the files in the following directories from all nodes.

For 10.2 and above, all files under:

<CRS_HOME>/log

Recommended method for gathering these for each node would be to run the
diagcollection.pl script.

For 10.1:

<CRS_HOME>/crs/log
<CRS_HOME>/crs/init
<CRS_HOME>/css/log
<CRS_HOME>/css/init
<CRS_HOME>/evm/log
<CRS_HOME>/evm/init
<CRS_HOME>/srvm/log

Recommended method for gathering these for each node:

cd <CRS_HOME>
tar cf crs.tar crs/init crs/log css/init css/log evm/init evm/log srvm/log

– Messages or Syslog from all nodes from the time of the problem:

Sun: /var/adm/messages
HP-UX: /var/adm/syslog/syslog.log
Tru64: /var/adm/messages
Linux: /var/log/messages
IBM: /bin/errpt -a > messages.out

– ‘opatch lsinventory -detail’ output for the CRS home

– It would also be useful to get the following from each node leading up to the time
of the reboot:

– netstat -is (or equivelant)
– iostat -x (or equivelant)
– vmstat (or equivelant)

There is a tool called “OS Watcher” that helps gather this information. This tool
will dump netstat, vmstat, iostat, and other output at an inverval and save x number
of hours of archived data. For more information about this tool see Note 301137.1.

 

The OPROCD executable sets a signal handler for the SIGALRM handler and sets the interval timer based on the to-millisec parameter provided. The alarm handler gets the current time and checks it against the time that the alarm handler was last entered. If the difference exceeds (to-millisec + margin-millisec), it will fail; the production version will cause a node reboot.

In fatal mode, OPROCD will reboot the node if it detects excessive wait. In Non Fatal mode, it will write an error message out to the file .oprocd.log in one of the following directories.

Oracle clusterware has the following three daemons which may be responsible for panicing the node. It is possible that some other external entity may have rebooted the node. In the context of this discussion, we will assume that the reboot/panic was done by an Oracle clusterware daemon.

* Oprocd – Cluster fencing module
* Cssd – Cluster sychronization module which manages node membership
* Oclsomon – Cssd monitor which will monitor for cssd hangs

OPROCD This is a daemon that only gets activated when there is no vendor clusterware present on the OS.This daemon is also not activated to run on Windows/Linux. This daemon runs a tight loop and if it is not scheduled for 1.5 seconds, will reboot the node.
CSSD This daemon pings the other members of the cluster over the private network and Voting disk. If this does not get a response for Misscount seconds and Disktimeout seconds respectively, it will reboot the node.
Oclsomon This daemon monitors the CSSD to ensure that CSSD is scheduled by the OS, if it detects any problems it will reboot the node.

A sample log looks like
May 11 18:13:15.528 | INF | monitoring started with timeout(1000), margin(500)
May 11 18:13:15.548 | INF | normal startup, setting process to fatal mode
May 12 11:43:00.899 | INF | shutting down from client request
May 12 11:43:00.899 | INF | exiting current process in NORMAL mode
May 12 12:10:43.984 | INF | monitoring started with timeout(1000), margin(500)
May 13 11:29:37.528 | INF | shutting down from client request
May 13 11:29:37.528 | INF | exiting current process in NORMAL mode

When fatal mode is disabled, OPROCD will write the following to the log file and exit:
May 10 18:01:40.668 | INF | monitoring started with timeout(1000), margin(500)
May 10 18:23:02.490 | ERR | AlarmHandler:? timeout(1739751316) exceeds interval(1000000000)+margin(500000000)

[root@rh2 ~]# ps -ef|grep oprocd|grep -v grep
root     19763     1  0 Jun27 ?        00:00:00 oprocd start

[root@rh2 oprocd]# cd /etc/oracle/oprocd

[root@rh2 oprocd]# ls -l
total 20
drwxrwx--- 2 root oinstall 4096 Jun 27 23:52 check
drwxrwx--- 2 root oinstall 4096 Mar 29 22:37 fatal
-rwxr--r-- 1 root root      512 Jun 27 23:52 rh2.oprocd.lgl
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root      171 Jun 27 23:52 rh2.oprocd.log
drwxrwx--- 2 root oinstall 4096 Jun 27 23:52 stop

[root@rh2 oprocd]# cat rh2.oprocd.log
Jun 27 23:52:47.861 | INF | monitoring started with timeout(1000), margin(500), skewTimeout(125)
Jun 27 23:52:47.864 | INF | normal startup, setting process to fatal mode

[root@rh2 oprocd]# oprocd

usage:  oprocd [start | startInstall | stop | check | enableFatal| help | -?]

        run [ -t | -m | -g | -f  | -e]   foreground startup
              -t           timeout in ms
              -m            timout margin in ms
              -e           clock skew epsilon in ms
              -g         group name to enable fatal
              -f                    fatal startup

        start  [-t | -m  | -e]           starts the daemon
                -t         timeout in ms
                -m          timout margin in ms
                 -e         clock skew epsilon in ms

        startInstall [ -t | -m | -g  | - e] start process in install mode
                       -t    timeout in ms
                       -m     timout margin in ms
                       -e    clock skew epsilon in ms
                       -g  group name to enable fatal

        enableFatal  [ -t ]             force install mode process to fatal
                       -t    timeout for response in ms
        stop         [ -t ]             stops running daemon
                       -t    timeout for response in ms
        check        [ -t ]           checks status of daemon
                       -t    timeout for response in ms
        help                          this help information
        -?                            same as help above

[root@rh2 oprocd]# oprocd stop
Jun 28 00:17:36.604 | INF | daemon shutting down

Oracle Clusterware Process Monitor (OPROCD) From Julian Dyke

Process Monitor Daemon
Provides Cluster I/O Fencing

Implemented on Unix systems
Not required with third-party clusterware
Implemented in Linux in 10.2.0.4 and above
In 10.2.0.3 and below hangcheck timer module is used

Provides hangcheck timer functionality to maintain cluster integrity
Behaviour similar to hangcheck timer
Runs as root
Locked in memory
Failure causes reboot of system
See /etc/init.d/init.cssd for operating system reboot commands

OPROCD takes two parameters
-t  - Timeout value
Length of time between executions (milliseconds)
Normally defaults to 1000
-m - Margin
Acceptable margin before rebooting (milliseconds)
Normally defaults to 500

Parameters are specified in /etc/init.d/init.cssd
OPROCD_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT=1000
OPROCD_DEFAULT_MARGIN=500

Contact Oracle Support before changing these values

/etc/init.d/init.cssd can increase OPROCD_DEFAULT_MARGIN based on two CSS variables
reboottime (mandatory)
diagwait (optional)
Values can for these be obtained using

[root@server3]# crsctl get css reboottime
[root@server3]# crsctl get css diagwait

Both values are reported in seconds
The algorithm is

If diagwait > reboottime then
OPROCD_DEFAULT_MARGIN := (diagwait - reboottime) * 1000

Therefore increasing diagwait will reduce frequency of reboots e.g

[root@server3]# crsctl set css diagwait 13

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Comments

  1. OCSSD/OPROCD are running in RT.
    Total # of RT processes < # of CPUs.

    After installed 10.2.0.4 AIX CRS PSU2, was enable diagwait as well.
    In normal case, we can issue command " ps -ef|grep d.bin" to check the oprocd process and can see there is margin value of oprocd process =10000 (10s).

    However, we found somehow if we rebooted the RAC server or even sometimes restarting CRS (crsctl start crs), we found the margin value sometimes changed to a unrealistic value with "8xxxxxxxx".

    Please advice why there is such behaviour.
    It is possible the diagwait setting in OCR is wrong.

    Please check:
    crsctl get css diagwait

    If it returns a large value, then OCR is corrupted. Please restore from a good OCR backup or reset this value:

    shutdown CRS on all nodes
    crsctl set css diagwait 13
    start CRS on all nodes, confirm the value is correct.

    We have tried this step(ie. stop CRS, set diagwait, then check diagwait value=13, then restart CRS) before, but sometimes the same unexpected behaviour is occurred, while the CRS services are healthy.

    Did you chance diagwait while CRS is online on any node? Or did you use -force option?

    Before you reboot server or restart CRS, can you please check what is diagwait set in OCR? We need to find out when the value is changed.

    We stopped CRS service on the node that going to set the diagwait value, while another node is up and running.

    Do you mean both RAC nodes have to been stopped while changing this diagwait value?

    === ODM Answer ===
    Yes, CRS needs to be stopped on all nodes before making changes to diagwait, otherwise, it could cause corrupted value.

    See Note 559365.1 Using Diagwait as a diagnostic to get more information for
    diagnosing Oracle Clusterware Node evictions
    "It is important that the clusterware stack must be down on all the nodes when changing diagwait ."

    Oracle Support Data – Previous intervals (LIFO):
    %ums
    Couldn't write last gasp (%d)
    /etc/oracle/oprocd/
    oprocd.lgl
    %s%s.%s
    InitLastGasp: Initial write/allocate for last gasp file
    couldn't open last gasp file: %d
    monitoring started with timeout(%d), margin(%d), skewTimeout(%d)
    localhost
    oprocd.log
    verbose mode enabled
    FATAL reboot mode disabled
    TermHandler: very odd, picked up signal(%d) from wrong handler
    InitializeHistoricalInfo: failed to allocate buffer space for history data
    InitializeHistoricalInfo: failed to allocate space for historical data
    InitializeHistoricalInfo: invalid bucket value supplied %s from %s
    DumpHistoricalTrends: recorded %d failures in %d to %d percentile
    TrackHistoricalTrends: adding sample %lld, count %u in %d to %d percentile
    TrackHistoricalTrends: added first sample %lld in %d to %d percentile
    TrackHistoricalTrends: recorded %d failures in %d to %dpercentile
    AlarmHandler: very odd, picked up signal(%d) from wrong handler
    AlarmHandler: timeout(%u msec) exceeds interval(%u msec)+margin(%u msec). Rebooting NOW.
    norm: ctime %lld, ltime %lld, cclock %lld, lclock %lld, cdiff %lld, tdiff %lld, diff %lld
    skew: ctime %lld, ltime %lld, cclock %lld, lclock %lld, cdiff %lld, tdiff %lld, diff %lld
    AlarmHandler: randomizing current time by %lld
    AlarmHandler: clock skew detected, reseting interval timer
    failed to reset interval timer, errno(%d)
    /dev/null
    failed to redirect stdin, errno(%d)
    failed to redirect stdout, errno(%d)
    failed to redirect stderr, errno(%d)
    failed to change process group owner, errno(%d)
    failed to move our root directory, errno(%d)
    failed to reduce process stacksize to %d, errno(%d)
    startInstall
    start
    stop
    check
    enableFatal
    help
    unrecognized option supplied [%s]
    -hss
    -hsg
    -hsi
    -verbose
    unknown start option supplied [%s]
    group name necessary with "-g" flag
    epsilon option necessary with "-e" flag
    samples info option necessary with "-hsi" flag
    skipping unrecognized -hsg value %d
    good samples option necessary with "-hsg" flag
    skipping unrecognized -hss value %d
    max samples option necessary with "-hss" flag
    margin option necessary with "-m" flag
    timeout option necessary with "-t" flag
    failed waiting for response from the server, ret(%d), errno(%d)
    could not complete communications with daemon, ret(%d), errno(%d)
    /etc/oracle/oprocd/stop
    /etc/oracle/oprocd/fatal
    fatal
    /etc/oracle/oprocd/check
    port
    %s/%s
    failed to create socket, errno(%d)
    failed to connect to daemon, errno(%d)
    incomplete message from the daemon
    invalid magic value (0x%x) from daemon message
    unrecognized version number (%d) from daemon message
    invalid message size (%d) from daemon
    invalid message response type (%d) from daemon
    unrecognized return type (%d) from daemon
    generic communications failure with daemon
    daemon shutting down
    daemon now running in fatal mode
    daemon running in install mode (non-fatal)
    daemon running in fatal mode
    failed to create validation socket, errno(%d)
    terminating because another daemon may be running
    failed to create server side check socket, errno(%d)
    failed to bind name for check socket, errno(%d)
    failed to listen on check socket, errno(%d)
    failed to create server side stop socket, errno(%d)
    failed to bind name for stop socket, errno(%d)
    failed to listen on stop socket, errno(%d)
    failed to create server side fatal socket, errno(%d)
    failed to bind name for fatal socket, errno(%d)
    failed to listen on fatal socket, errno(%d)
    root
    failed to determine identity of root user, errno(%d)
    failed to determine identitiy for group (%s), errno(%d)
    failed to set owner for enable fatal socket, errno(%d)
    failed to set permissions for enable fatal socket, errno(%d)
    failed to respond to client enanle fatal request, ret(%d), errno(%d)
    failed to become daemon
    failed to initialize capture of historical trends
    failed to initialize platform specific data, errno(%d)
    failed to up our scheduling priority, errno(%d)
    failed to pin all our memory, errno(%d)
    failed to setup timer handler, errno(%d)
    failed to setup term handler, errno(%d)
    failed to setup interval timer, errno(%d)
    fatal mode startup, setting process to fatal mode
    normal startup, setting process to fatal mode
    odd failure from main loop select, errno(%d)
    failed to respond to client check request, ret(%d), errno(%d)
    failed to respond to client stop request, ret(%d), errno(%d)
    shutting down from client request
    enabling fatal mode as per client request
    failed to reduce process stacksize to %d, errno(%d)
    failed to lock process pages, errno(%d)
    ***************************************************************
    * FATAL ERROR: failed to reboot node with errno % 3u *
    * Reboot node immedietly for cluster integrity *
    exiting current process in NORMAL mode
    *** Terminating process in FATAL mode ***
    *** Termination skipped due to -noReboot flag ***
    failed to acquire maximum scheduler priority, errno(%d)
    failed to elevate process to RR scheduling, errno(%d)
    failed to determine system clock frequency
    /proc/sysrq-trigger
    failed to open sysrq handle

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