Startup Upgrade为我们做了什么?

从Oracle 10g以后数据库升级前我们都需要将实例关闭,并以startup upgrade的升级模式启动数据库。那么startup upgrade到底对instance做了什么事?在这样的模式下升级可以绕过那些错误呢?

就常规判断可以猜测startup upgrade升级模式至少会限制以下几点:

  1. 关闭自动作业队列
  2. 关闭回收站功能
  3. 禁用系统触发器
  4. 以限制模式启动,仅允许以SYSDBA身份登录

为了了解更多的细节,我们不妨直观地来观察以下升级模式对比普通模式有哪些不同之处:

SQL> startup upgrade;

以升级模式启动后观察告警日志内容:
Starting ORACLE instance (normal)

以上信息表明虽然是upgrde模式,但其实仍是以NORMAL启动
...........
ALTER SYSTEM enable restricted session;

实例mount之后启用了限制会话特性

ALTER SYSTEM SET _system_trig_enabled=FALSE SCOPE=MEMORY;

_system_trig_enabled参数控制一些系统触发器是否被启用,例如某些登录审计触发器
(system trigger facilities are used as an additional audit trail or as a mechanism to prevent
certain actions taking place or as part of a virtual private database solution)

ALTER SYSTEM SET aq_tm_processes=0 SCOPE=MEMORY;

设置aq_tm_processes参数为0,相当于禁用了对信息队列的监控和控制

ALTER SYSTEM SET resource_manager_plan='' SCOPE=MEMORY;

升级期间显然不需要任何resource plan来凑热闹

ALTER SYSTEM SET _undo_autotune=FALSE SCOPE=MEMORY;

设置隐藏参数_undo_autotune为false,禁用undo自动调优特性

ALTER SYSTEM SET undo_retention=900 SCOPE=MEMORY;

900似乎一直是undo保存的理想值

ALTER SYSTEM SET enable_ddl_logging=FALSE SCOPE=MEMORY;

在11g中增加了新的DDL日志功能,这里需要通过设置enable_ddl_logging为false来禁用该特性

ALTER SYSTEM SET recyclebin=‘OFF’ DEFERRED SCOPE=MEMORY;

在10g下似乎不会关闭回收站,但其实这一点很有必要;

Completed: ALTER DATABASE OPEN MIGRATE

这里可以看到startup upgrade只是migrate模式的发展

除去以上部分初始化参数的修正外,upgrade升级模式下还会“隐瞒“不报一部分常见的非致命错误,这些常见错误并不影响升级进程;
这样做的用意是为了让在升级过程中只有真正致命(fatal)的错误才被反映和记录下来。

这部分升级常见错误包括:

ORA-00942:"table or view does not exist"       --alter table/view 或 drop table/view时可能出现

以上述ORA-00942错误为例:

SQL> drop table not_exist;

Table dropped.

/* 任意drop或alter不存在的表或索引都不会报错而会通过,以下错误也是类似的 */

ORA-01418: "specified index does not exist"    --DROP索引时可能出现
ORA-00955:"name is already used by an existing object"  --当创建某些对象时可能出现
ORA-01430:"column being added already exists in table"    --ALTER TABLE 时可能出现
ORA-04043:"object %s does not exist"                             --修改对象时可能出现

// *Cause: An object name was specified that was not recognized by the system.
// There are several possible causes:
// – An invalid name for a table, view, sequence, procedure, function,
// package, or package body was entered. Since the system could not
// recognize the invalid name, it responded with the message that the
// named object does not exist.
// – An attempt was made to rename an index or a cluster, or some
// other object that cannot be renamed.
// *Action: Check the spelling of the named object and rerun the code. (Valid
// names of tables, views, functions, etc. can be listed by querying
// the data dictionary.)

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Comments

  1. xteitxu says:

    在10g下似乎不会关闭回收站,但其实这一点很有必要;

    请问刘大,关闭回收站有何必要呢?此功能会影响upgrade吗?

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